Accessible Navigation.

Accessibility defined

Electronic information can truly be deemed accessible only when each individual can access the information.  Sometimes adjustments below the basic level are required to create completely accessible information.  However, there are certain common barriers to accessiblity that are known.  

General Principles

Electronic accessibility is always relative to each individual's ability to access information. Nevertheless, several general principles were conceptualized in the pnemonic - POUR.  To be accessible, digital information should be:
  1. Perceivable - Information and user interface components must be presentable to users in ways they can perceive.This means that users must be able to recognize the information being presented (it can't be invisible to all of their senses)

  2. Operable - User interface components and navigation must be operable.This means that users must be able to utilize the interface (the interface cannot require interaction that a user cannot perform)

  3. Understandable - Information and the operation of user interface must be understandable. This means that users must be able to comprehend the information as well as the operation of the user interface.  In other words, the content or operation cannot be beyond their understanding.

  4. Robust - Content must be robust enough that it can be interpreted reliably by a wide variety of user agents, including assistive technologies. This means that users must be able to access the content as technologies advance (as technologies and user agents evolve, the content should remain accessible)

Borrowed from W3C POUR Principles.

All selected standards

More specific standards that can be applied to most of the six main areas of the proposed UM Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Policy.  These are listed below.  For specific checklists and rubrics, view the individual topical pages within this section.  For additional help in meeting these standards, please refer to the Support section.

Web Accessibility


Instructional Materials

Accessible Electronic Media

Software, Hardware and Systems Accessibility