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General Education

Preamble

The University of Montana-Missoula's General Education Program provides a broad academic base that supports both undergraduate learning at the University of Montana-Missoula and continued learning following graduation. While the General Education Program offers students considerable flexibility in selecting courses, it has a set of common educational objectives for all students.

In accordance with the mission of the University of Montana- Missoula, these objectives are to develop competent and humane individuals who are informed, ethical, literate, and engaged citizens of local and global communities. Students should become acquainted with issues facing contemporary society, participate in the creative arts, develop an understanding of science and technology, cultivate an appreciation of the humanities, and examine the history of different American and global cultures. Upon completion of the general education requirements students should be able to articulate ideas orally and in writing, understand and critically evaluate tangible and abstract concepts, and employ mathematical and other related skills appropriate to a technologically focused society.

In summary, the General Education Program is designed to provide a high quality intellectual foundation that accommodates all UM students whether in liberal arts or professional programs. This foundation will be reinforced, expanded, and refined as students continue through their course of study. Students are encouraged to prepare for productive roles in their chosen fields by cultivating civic awareness vital to the greater community and a democratic society. The acquired skills will allow students to examine critically the human experience and achieve genuine confidence in their knowledge and abilities. For the General Education Program to accomplish its goals, students must assume primary responsibility for their growth and education.

General Education Requirements

To earn a baccalaureate degree, all students must complete successfully, in addition to any other requirements, the following General Education Requirements. (Students who have completed an approved lower-division general education program at an approved Montana institution of higher education should refer to the catalog section on General Education for Transfer Students.

All General Education courses must be at least 3 credits, must be introductory and foundational, and have no more than one pre-requisite.  The General Education Committee may allow exceptions for upper-division courses, courses fewer than three credits, and for courses with more than one pre-requisite, if the proposing unit can justify such an exception.

Some courses may satisfy both the "Writing Course" requirement (1.2) and one of the Groups IV through XI.

Some courses may satisfy both Group II and Group III Symbolic Systems.

Some courses may satisfy both Group IX and one of the Groups IV through VIII.

Some courses may satisfy both Group X and one of the Groups IV through VIII. No course may satisfy both Group IX and Group X.

NOTE!  ***All courses taken to satisfy General Education Requirements must be taken for a traditional letter grade and must be passed with a grade of C- or better***.

Students are cautioned that approved courses may change from year to year. To be used for General Education credit, a course must be listed as approved in the Class Schedule for the semester a student registers for it.

Group I: English Writing Skills

  1. Composition course WRIT 101 or 201(ENEX 101, WTS 101, ENEX 200) or an equivalent
  2. One designated Writing Course
  3. Upper-Division Writing Requirement (as specified by major department)

Credits

3

1-3

3

Group II: Mathematics

3

Group III: Modern and Classical Languages or Symbolic Systems
A two semester language sequence is the default option (test out provisions apply).  Students may substitute a symbolic system sequence required by their major and approved by the General Education Committee. The list of programs granted exceptions and their alternative options are found in the listing of those majors.

0-10 or 3-6

Group IV: Expressive Arts

3

Group V: Literary and Artistic Studies

3

Group VI: Historical and Cultural Studies

3

Group VII: Social Sciences

3

Group VIII: Ethics and Human Values

3

Group IX: American and European Perspectives

3

Group X: Indigenous and Global Perspectives

3

Group XI: Natural Sciences
One Natural Science course must include a laboratory experience.  

6

Total

*28-49

  *Some courses satisfy more than one group (see list at the end of this section).

Group I:  English Writing Skills

The ability to write effectively is fundamental to success in academic, professional, and civic endeavors. Specifically, a student should be able to:

Use writing to learn and synthesize new concepts;

Produce focused writing that is developed, logical, and organized;

Compose written documents that are appropriate for a given audience, purpose, and context;

Revise written documents based on constructive feedback;

Develop competence in information literacy, information technology and digital literacy;

Use discipline-specific style and citation conventions;

Demonstrate appropriate English language usage. 

Students must satisfy the following four three requirements in order:

  1. Composition course WRIT 101 or 201 ( ENEX 101, WTS 101, ENEX 200) or an equivalent;
  2. One approved writing course;
  3. The upper-division writing requirement for the major.  

Composition Course   All students must complete WRIT 101 or 201 (ENEX 101, WTS 101, ENEX 200), or an equivalent composition course with a grade of C-minus or better.  Students with Language and Composition AP scores of 4 or better are exempted from this requirement.

Entering students are placed into WRIT 095, WRIT 101 or WRIT 201 (WTS 100D, WTS or ENEX 101, or ENEX 200) based on their standardized test scores.  Students placed into WTS 100D are provided an opportunity to challenge their placement with specific scores.  Students placing into WRIT 201 (ENEX 200) may choose to take WRIT 101 (ENEX 101) instead.

One Writing Course All students, unless exempted, must pass an approved writing course (chosen from the following list of approved courses). Students are exempted from this requirement by transferring more than 27 semester credits at the time of their initial registration at the University. Transfer students need to petition the Writing Committee to have transferred writing courses from other institutions accepted for this requirement. View details regarding this process on the transfer student admission page of the catalog.

Upper-Division Writing Requirement  All students must meet the approved upper-division writing requirements specified by their majors. Students should seek specific information about the upper-division writing requirements in their major in the section of the catalog where information about their chosen major is given. 

Students cannot use the same writing course to meet both the approved writing course requirement and the upper-division writing requirement.

Writing Courses

The following courses are designated as approved writing courses for 2014-2015. Students are cautioned that approved courses may change from year to year. To be used for General Education, a course must be listed as approved in the catalog and in the Class Schedule for the semester a student registers for it.

Course # Title
AAS 347/HSTA 347 African American Religious Experience
AAS 372 African American Identity
ANTY 310 Human Variation
ANTY 336 Myth, Ritual and Religions
ARTH 250L Introduction to Art Criticism
ARTH 434 Latin American Art
BMGT 205 Professional Business Communications
BUS 210 Critical Analysis for Business 
C&I 287 Business Communication
CLAS 251L  The Epic
CLAS 252L  Greek Drama: Politics on Stage
COMX 414  Communication in Personal Relationships
CSCI 215E  Social & Ethical Issues
CSCI 216E  Robots, Genetic Engineering and Ethics
ECNS 433  Economics of the Environment 
ENST 231H Nature and Society - Missoula College
FILM 320 English Literature Shakespeare
HC 121L Ways of Knowing
HSTA 315  Early American Republic
HSTA 347/AAS 347 African American Religious Experience
HSTA 385 Families & Children in America
HSTA 401 The Great Historians
HSTR 300 Writing For History
HSTR 315 The Early American Republic, 1787-1848
HSTR 334 Latin American: Reform and Revolution
HSTR 358 Russia Since 1881
HSTR 401 The Great Historians
JRNL 270  Reporting 
LIT 110L  Introduction to Literature 
LIT 120L  Poetry (Introduction to Poetry)
LIT 210L  American Literature I 
LIT 211L American Literature II 
LIT 220L British Literature: Medieval Renaissance
LIT 221L  British Literature: Enlightenment to Romantics
LIT 222L  British Literature: Victorian to Contemporary
LSH 151L/152L  Introduction to the Humanities Bible and Medieval
MUSI 302H  Music History II 
NASX 280  Native American Studies Research Theories Methods
NASX 235X  Oral and Written Traditions of Native America
NRSM 200 Natural Resources Professional Writing
PHL 210E  Moral Philosophy
THTR 330H  Theatre History I
WRIT 110 Introduction to Literature 
WRIT 121 Introduction to Technical Writing 
WRIT 201 Advanced Composition
WRIT 221  Intermediate Technical Writing
WRIT 240E Ethics and Rhetoric: Writing Arguments on Contemporary Issues
WRIT 325 Writing in the Sciences

Upper-Division Writing Courses

The following courses are approved as meeting the criteria for the upper-division writing requirement.  Students should consult with their advisor regarding the requirement specified by their major.

Course # Title
AHAT 342  Rehab of Athletic Injuries
ANTY 314  Principles of Forensic Anthropology
ANTY 400  History of Anthropology
ANTY 402  Quantitative Ethnographic Methods 
ANTY 403E  Ethics and Anthropology
ANTY 408  Advanced Anthropological Statistics
ANTY 450  Archaeological Theory
ANTY 451  Cultural Resource Management
ANTY 455  Artifact Analysis
ARTH 350  Contemporary Art and Art Criticism 
ARTH 434H  Latin American Art
BIOE 371 General Ecology Lab 
BIOE 428  Freshwater Ecology
BIOO 470  Ornithology
BIOO 475  Mammalogy
BMGT 447 Management Game
BMGT 486 Strategic Venture Management
CHMY 302E  Chemical Literature and Scientific Writing
COMX 347  Rhetoric, Nature, Environmentalism
COMX 413  Communication and Conflict-Writing
COMX 414  Communication in Personal Relationships
COMX 421  Communication in Nonprofit Organization
COMX 422  Communication and Technology 
COMX 424  Risk, Crisis and Communication 
COMX 445  Rhetorical Criticism and Theory
COMX 447  The Rhetorical Construction of Woman
COMX 449  The Rhetoric of U.S. Women's Activism, 1960 - present
CSCI 315E Computer Ethics and Society
CSCI 499 Senior Thesis/Project
CSD 430 Senior Capstone I
DANC 494  Seminar/Workshop (Junior/Senior Dance Seminar)
ECNS 488-489 Research Method & Thesis Design / Senior Thesis capstone
EDU 397  Methods: PK-8 Language Arts
ENST 382  Environmental Law
ENST 335L  The Environmental Vision
ENST 367  Environmental Politics and Policy
ENST 487  Globalization, Justice and the Environment
GEO 320  Global Water Cycle
GEO  499  Senior Thesis/Capstone
GPHY 433  Cultural Ecology
GPHY 335  Water Policy
GPHY 499  Senior Thesis/Capstone
GRMN 351H  German Culture to 1900 
GRMN 352H  German Culture from 1900 to the Present
HEE 301 Methods of Secondary HE 
HSTA 415/AAS 415  The Black Radical Tradition
HSTA 417/AAS 417 Prayer and Civil Rights
HSTA 418  Women and Slavery
HSTA 419  Southern Women in Black and White
HSTA 422 Research: U.S. After WWII
HSTA 461 Research in Montana History
HSTA 469 Research & Writing Early America & the Atlantic World
HSTA 471 Writing Women's Lives 
HSTR 400 Historical Research Seminar
HSTR 418 Research Seminar: Britain in the Long Eighteenth Century
HSTR 437 U.S. Latin American Relations
JRNL 362 Feature Writing
JPNS 311 Classical Japanese Literature in English Translation
JPNS 312 Japanese Literature from Medieval to Modern Times
JRNL 340  Intermediate Audio 
JRNL 352 Int. Video Reporting and Production 
JRNL 362  Feature Writing
JRNL 370 Public Affairs Reporting
JRNL 474  Magazine Freelance Writing
JRNL 494  Senior Seminar
KIN 447  Analytical and Communication Techniques
LING 473 Language and Culture
LING 484 North American Indigenous Languages and Linguistics
LIT 300  Literary Criticism 
LIT 304  U.S. Writers of Color 
LIT 314 The American Novel
LIT 316 Topics in Postcolonial Studies
LIT 327 Shakespeare
LIT 342L Montana Writers 
LIT 343  African American Literature
LIT 353  Milton
LIT 376  Literature and Other Disciplines
LIT 494  Seminar: Literature Capstone 
LSH 484 Novel Ancient and Modern
M 499 Senior Thesis
M 429  History of Mathematics
MART 450 Topics in Film and Media 
MCLG 315 Major Hispanic Authors
MCLG 494/RUSS 494 Seminar in Russian Studies
MUSI 415  Music of the 20th Century to the Present
MUSI 416  Topics in Music History
MUSI 417  Cultural Studies in Music
NASX 494 Reading Seminar in Native American Studies
PHAR 550 Drug Literature Evaluation
PHL 499  Senior Seminar
PHSX 330  Methods of Communicating Physics 
PSCI 400  Advanced Writing in Political Sciences
PSYX  400  History and Systems of Psychology
PSYX 320  Research Methods III 
PTRM 451  Tourism and Sustainability
PTRM 482  Wilderness and Protected Area Management
RUSS 494 Seminar in Russian Studies
SOCI 438  Seminar in Crime and Deviance
SOCI 441  Capstone: Inequality and Social Justice
SOCI 460  Capstone in Rural & Environmental Change
SOCI 488  Writing for Sociology
SW 300 Human Behavior in the Social Environment
SW 310 Social Welfare Policies and Services
THTR 331Y  Theatre History II
WGSS 363  Feminist Theory and Methods
WILD 408  Advanced Fisheries Science
WILD 470 Conservation of Wildlife Populations
WILD 497 Senior Thesis

Group II Mathematics

Mathematical literacy implies an appreciation of the beauty of mathematics, an ability to apply mathematical reasoning, and an understanding of how mathematics and statistics are used in many arenas. Mathematical literacy may be attained through the study of the properties of numbers, mathematical modeling, geometry, data analysis and probability, with the overarching goal of learning mathematical reasoning and problem solving.

Mathematical literacy cannot be achieved in a single course.  However, for the purposes of general education, the mathematical literacy requirement can be met by any one of the following:

  1. achieving a grade of C-or better in one of the following courses which address different aspects of mathematical literacy: M 104, 105, 115, 118, 121, 122, 135, 151, 162; or a mathematics course of 3 or more credits for which one of these is a prerequisite. M 191 Fairness and Social Justice:Quantifying the Unquantifiable - (one time only GLI designation for autumn 2014)
  2. achieving a score of 50 or better on the CLEP College Algebra Test, the CLEP College Precalculus Test, or the CLEP College Mathematics Test.
  3. passing the Mathematical Literacy Examination administered by the Department of Mathematical Sciences. To qualify to take the Mathematical Literacy Examination, a student must have achieved a score of 630 or better on the SAT Math exam or a score of 28 or better on the ACT Math exam. A student may take the Mathematical Literacy Examination only once. Further details are available from the Department of Mathematical Sciences.

Students must complete the mathematical literacy requirement by the time they have earned 30 credits; if not, they must register for a mathematical sciences course every semester until they have completed the requirement. Because many other courses at the university assume some mathematical literacy, it is strongly recommended that all students complete their mathematical literacy requirement as soon as possible.

Upon completion of the mathematical literacy requirement, a student will be able to effectively apply mathematical or statistical reasoning to a variety of applied or theoretical problems.

Group III:  Modern and Classical Language

Students must complete successfully the second semester of a Modern and Classical Language at the University of Montana.  Courses encompass the comprehensive study of a natural language other than written or spoken contemporary English.

Upon completion of the Modern and Classical Languages sequence, students will have a basic functional knowledge of a second natural language sufficient to:

  1. read and write if the language is classical, such as Latin;
  2. speak and aurally comprehend, if the language does not have a written tradition, such as Salish;
  3. perform all four skills (speaking, aural comprehension, reading, and writing) if the language is modern and has a written tradition, such as Japanese or French.
  4. demonstrate both receptive (visual comprehension) and expressive (manual production) proficiency if the language is American Sign Language. 
Course # Title
ARAB 101 Elementary Modern Arabic I (Elementary Standard Arabic)
ARAB 102 Elementary Modern Arabic II (Elementary Modern Standard Arabic)
CHIN 101 Elementary Chinese I
CHIN 102 Elementary Chinese II
FRCH 101  Elementary French I
FRCH 102  Elementary French II
GRMN 101  Elementary German
GRMN 102  Elementary German
GRK 101 Elementary Greek I
GRK 102 Elementary Greek II
ITLN 101  Elementary Italian I
ITLN 102  Elementary Italian II
JPNS 101 Elementary Japanese I
JPNS 102 Elementary Japanese II
LATN 101  Elementary Latin
LATN 102   Elementary Latin
RUSS 101 Elementary Russian I
RUSS 102 Elementary Russian II
SPNS 101  Elementary Spanish
SPNS 102  Elementary Spanish
*IRSH 101 Elementary Irish One
*IRSH 102 Elementary Irish Two
*IRSH 103 Elementary Irish Three
  • * Three 3 credit courses of Irish are required to fulfill the general education requirement
  • Students may satisfy the requirement by demonstrating equivalent skill in any of these or other languages in testing administered by the Department of Modern and Classical Languages and Literatures.
  • International students from non English speaking countries may satisfy this requirement by presenting a TOEFL score of 580 or greater, or by successful completion of ESL/LING 250 or 450, or by presenting a department approved application for degree.

Group III: Exceptions to the Modern and Classical Language requirement - Symbolic Systems 

The majors listed below have been granted exceptions to the Modern and Classical Language requirement. Students graduating in any one of these majors may substitute the symbolic system course or courses designated by the major.

Each of these courses presents the foundations of a symbolic system, defined as a relationship that maps real-world objects, principles and doctrines with abstractions of the real-world. 

Symbolic systems facilitate communication in specialized ways but do not comprise a spoken or written language by which members of a culture typically communicate with each other.

 Upon completion of a symbolic systems course or courses, students will be able to:

  1. demonstrate an understanding of the symbols and the transformations of the system;
  2. relay and interpret information in terms of the given symbolic system;
  3. apply creative thinking using the symbolic system in order to solve problems and communicate ideas;
Major Symbolic Systems Course(S)
Accounting & Finance STAT 216 
Anthropology ANTY 401 or FORS 201 or STAT 216 or SOCI 202 or PSYX 222
Biochemistry/Health Profession Option M171, M162
Chemistry One course in Mathematical Science at 162 level or above
Communication Studies STAT 216 or PSYX 222 or SOCI 202 or HHP 486 or EDU 421
Computer Science CSCI 131 and CSCI 136
Curriculum & Instruction M 136
Division of Biological Sciences M 162 or M 171 
Economics STAT 216 and either M 162 or M 171 or M 172
Environmental Studies STAT 216 or SOCI 202 or PSYX 222 or FORS 201
Forestry M 162
Geography STAT 216 
Geoscience M 162 or M 171
Health and Human Performance EDU 421/HHP 486 or STAT 216 or PSYX 222 or SOCI 202 or WBIO 210
Management Information Systems STAT 216 
Management & Marketing STAT 216 
Mathematics or combined Mathematics / Computer Science M 171 or any course for which it is a prerequisite
Music - Bachelor of Music Education Bachelor of Music in Composition/Music, Bachelor of Music Specialization in Instrumental Performance
Bachelor of Music Specialization in Piano Performance and Pedagogy
Bachelor of Music Specialization in Piano Performance
MUSI 105, 106, 140 & 141
Pharmacy M162 and STAT 216 or PSYX 222 or SOCI 202 
Psychology PSYX 222 or STAT 216
Parks, Tourism and Recreation Management STAT 216 or FORS 201 or SOCI 202
Resource Conservation STAT 216 or WILD 240 or FORS 201 or SOCI 202
Sociology SOCI 202 or PSYX 222 (for double majors) or STAT 216 

Theatre - Bachelor of Fine Arts (Acting Emphasis) 

THTR 210, 211 & 310 

Theatre - Bachelor of Fine Arts (Design/Technology Emphasis)

THTR 255 & THTR 345 or 355 

Wildland Restoration

M 162 or M 171 and FORS 201 or WILD 240 or STAT 216

Wildlife Biology

M 162 or higher and WILD 240 or two Math courses 162 and Higher
Students are advised that most courses meeting the symbolic systems exception have prerequisites, as indicated in the chart below:
Course  Title Pre-requisite(s)
ANTY 401  Anthropological Data Analysis College algebra or consent of instructor
CSCI 135  Fundamentals of Computer Science I Computer programming experience in a language such as BASIC, Pascal, C, etc.; coreq., M 095 D  or consent of instr. CSCI 104 highly recommended as prereq. or coreq
CSCI 136  Fundamentals of Computer Science II CSCI 135 ; coreq., M 151  or consent of instr
EDU 421  Statistical Procedures in Education M 115  or equiv. or consent of instr
FORS 201  Forest Biometrics M 115  or M 151  or equivalent
HHP 486 Statistical Procedures in Education M 115  or equiv. or consent of instr
M 136  Mathematics for K-8 Teachers II M 135 
M 162  Applied Calculus Appropriate placement score or one of M 121, 122, or 151 
M 171  Calculus I M 122 or 151 or appropriate placement score
STAT 216  Statistics M 115 (preferred), or one of M 121, 135, 151, 162 or 171, or ALEKS placement >= 4
STAT 451  Statistical Methods One year of college mathematics including M 115 or equiv. course in probability or consent of instr.
MUSI 105  Music Theory I  Coreq., MUSI 140 
MUSI 106  Music Theory II  MUSI 105 
MUSI 140  Aural Perception I Coreq., MUSI 105 
MUSI 141  Aural Perception II MUS 137
MUSI 139   Language of Music II MUSI 138 
PSYX 222  Psychological Statistics PSYX 100S, 120: M 115, 162, or 171
SOCI 202 Social Statistics M 115 or consent of instructor
THTR 211  Voice and Speech II  THTR 210 
THTR 310  Voice and Speech III THTR 211 
THTR 345  Flat Pattern Design and Drafting  THTR 255 
THTR 355  Computer-Aided Drafting and Computer Applications for the Theatre  THTR 255 
WILD 240  Introduction to Biostatistics Calculus and consent of instructor

Group IV: Expressive Arts (A)

Expressive Arts courses are activity-based and emphasize the value of learning by doing in an artistic context.  Upon completion of an Expressive Arts course, students will be able to express themselves in the making of an original work or creative performance; understand the genres and/or forms that have shaped the medium; and critique the quality of their own work and that of others.

Course # Title
ARTZ 105A  Visual Language: Drawing
ARTZ 106A Visual Language: 2-D Design
ARTZ 108A  Three Dimensional Fundamentals
ARTZ 131A  Ceramics for Non-Majors
ARTZ 191A Art for Non-Majors - (one time only designation for autumn 2014)
ARTZ 211A  Drawing I
ARTZ 221A Painting I
ARTZ 231A  Ceramics I
ARTZ 251A  Sculpture I
ARTZ 271A  Printmaking I
ARTZ 284A  Photo I - Techs and Processes
ARTZ 302A  Elementary School Art
ARTZ 394A Environmental Draw Seminar
COMX 111A  Introduction to Public Speaking
COMX 217A  Oral Interpretation of Literature
CRWR 210A Introduction Fiction Workshop 
CRWR 211A  Introduction Poetry Workshop 
CRWR 212A  Introduction Nonfiction Workshop 
CRWR 312A  Interm Nonfiction Workshop 
DANC 100A  Modern Dance I
DANC 110A  Ballet I
DANC 115A  Jazz Dance I
DANC 118A  Dance Forms: Tap 
DANC 129A Dance Performance Lab I
DANC 160A  Dance Forms: Irish 
DANC 165A  Dance Forms: African 
DANC 170A Dance Forms: Tribal Style Belly
DANC 200A  Modern Dance II
DANC 210A Ballet II
DANC 215A Jazz Dance II
DANC 220A  Beginning Composition
DANC 229A Dance Performance Lab II
ENST 373A  Nature Works
JRNL 140A  Beginning Radio/Audio Storytelling
JRNL 191A GLI:From Homer to HeroCams:Adventure Narrative through the Ages (one time only designation for autumn 2014)
MART 112A Intro to Non-Lin Editing
MART 111A  Integrated Digital Art
MUSI 102A  Performance Study
MUSI 108A  Orchestras: USMO (Orchestras)
MUSI 110A  Opera Theatre
MUSI 111A  Singing for Non-Majors
MUSI 112A Choir: Chamber Choral 
MUSI 114A Band: UM Concert Band
MUSI 122A  Percussion Ensemble: UM 
MUSI 123A World Percussion Ensemble
MUSI 131A  Jazz Ensemble: UM Jazz Bands 
MUSI 135A  Keyboard Skills I 
MUSI 136A  Keyboard Skills II 
MUSI 155A  Marching: Grizzly Marching Band
MUSI 160A  Beginning Guitar 
MUSI 162A  Chamber Ensembles
MUSI 267A Composers' Workshop I
MUSI 304A Sound in the Natural World
MUST 227A Mountain Electroacoustic Laptop Ensemble I
THTR 102A  Introduction to Theatre Design
THTR 106A  Theatre Production I: Run Crew
THTR 107A  Theatre Production I: Construction Crew
THTR 113A  Introduction to Vocal Acting 
THTR 120A  Introduction to Acting I 
THTR 121A  Introduction to Acting II 
THTR 229A  Production Acting I
THTR 239A Creative Drama/Dance: K-8

Group V: Literary and Artistic Studies (L)

In these courses, students develop familiarity with significant works of artistic representation, including literature, music, visual art, and/or performing arts.  Through this experience, students enhance their analytical skills and explore the historical, aesthetic, philosophical, and cultural features of these works.

Upon completion of a Literary and Artistic Studies course, students will be able to:

  1. analyze works of art with respect to structure and significance within literary and artistic traditions, including emergent movements and forms; and
  2. develop coherent arguments that critique these works from a variety of approaches, such as historical, aesthetic, cultural, psychological, political, and philosophical.
Course # Title
ARTH 160L Global Visual Culture
ARTH 250L  Introduction to Art Criticism
CLAS 251L  The Epic
CLAS 252L  Greek Drama: Politics on Stage
COMX 140L  Introduction to Visual Rhetoric
CRWR 115L Montana Writers Live!
DANC 234L  Dance in Cinema
DANC 360L  World Dance
ENST 335L  Environmental Vision
FILM 103L  Introduction to Film
GRMN 322L  The German Cinema
HONR 121L Ways of Knowing
IRSH 345L Literature in the Irish Language
LIT 110L  Introduction to Literature 
LIT 120L Poetry 
LIT 191L GLI:Crossing Borders: Flim, Literature, and Adaptation (one time only designation for autumn 2014)
LIT 210L American Literature I 
LIT 211L American Literature II 
LIT 220L  British Literature: Medieval to Renaissance
LIT 221L British Literature: Enlightenment to Romanticism
LIT 222L British Literature: Victorian to Contemporary
LIT 270L Film and Literature 
LIT 280L Introduction to the Ecology of Literature
LIT 291L The American Novel for Non-Majors - (one time only designation for spring 2015)
LIT 342L  Montana Writers 
LIT 349L  Medieval Literature
LIT 350L  Chaucer
LIT 373L  Literature and the Environment 
LIT 378L  Gay and Lesbian Studies
LSH 151L  Introduction to Humanities Bible
LSH 152L  Introduction to Humanities Medieval
LSH 327L  Gender and Sexuality in English Fiction
MART 101L Intro to Media Arts
MCLG 155L Survey of Classical Literature
MCLG 160L Classical Mythology
MCLG 313L Classical Chinese Poetry in Translation
MCLG 314L Traditional Chinese Literature
MCLG 332L Introduction to Multicultural Literature in Germany
MUSI 101L  Enjoyment of Music 
MUSI 130L  History of Jazz
MUSI 132L  History of Rock and Roll
MUSI 133L  Country Music: Cowboys, Opry and Nashville 
MUSI 202L  Introduction to Music Literature
NASX 235X  Oral and Written Traditions Native Americans
RUSS 312L  Russian Literature I
RUSS 313L  Russian Literature II 
THTR 101L Introduction to Theatre 
THTR 235L  Dramatic Literature
WGSS 163L Historical and Literary Perspectives on Women

Group VI:  Historical and Cultural Studies (H)

These courses present the historical or cultural contexts of ideas and institutions, and examine cultural development or differentiation in the human past. They are foundational in that they are wide-ranging in chronological, geographical, or topical focus, or in that they introduce students to methods of inquiry specific to a particular discipline.

Upon completion of a Historical and Cultural Studies course, students will be able to:

  1. synthesize ideas and information with a view to understanding the causes and consequences of historical developments and events;
  2. evaluate texts or artifacts within their historical and/or cultural contexts;
  3. analyze human behavior, ideas, and institutions within their respective historical and/or cultural contexts.
Course # Title
AAS 141H/HSTA 141H Black: Africa to Hip-Hop and Beyond, An introduction
AAS/HSTA 141H Introduction to African American Studies
AAS 208H/HSTR 208H  Discovering Africa
AAS 342H/HISTA 342H  African American History to 1865
AAS 343H/HISTA 343H African American History since 1865
ANTY 101H  Anthropology and the Human Experience 
ANTY102H/LS 102H/SSEA 102H Introduction to South & Southeast Asia 
ANTY 103H Introduction to Latin American Studies
ANTY 141H  The Silk Road
ANTY 241H Central Asian Cultures and Civilizations: Peoples and Environments
ANTY 251H Foundation of Civilization
ANTY 254H  Archaeological Wonders of the World
ANTY 351H  Archaeology of North America
ANTY 354H  Mesoamerican Prehistory
ARTH 200H Art of World Civilization: Ancient to Medieval Art
ARTH 201H  Art of World Civilization: Early Modern to Contemporary Art
ARTH 433H Ancient American Art
CHIN 211H Chinese Culture and Civilization
CLAS 360H Ancient Greek Civilization and Culture
COMX 240H  Introduction to Rhetorical Theory
ENST 230H Nature & Society
ENST 231H Nature & Society - Missoula College
GRMN 106H Introduction to German Culture and Civilization
GRMN 351H  German Culture, Beginnings to 1900 
GRMN 352H  German Culture, 1900 to the Present
HSTA 101H/103H  American History I/Honors American History I 
HSTA 102H/104H  American History II/ Honors American History II 
HSTA 370H   Women in America from the Colonial Era through the Civil War 
HSTA 371H  Women in America from the Civil War to the Present 
HSTR 101H/103H  Western Civilization I /Honors Western Civilization I 
HSTR 102H/104H  Western Civilization II /Honors Western Civilization II 
HSTR 230H  Colonial Latin America
HSTR 231H  Modern Latin America
HSTR 241H Central Asian Cult & Civ
HSTR 262H Islamic Civilization: Classical Age
HSTR 264H Islamic Civilization: Modern Era
HSTR 301H  Ancient Greek Social History
HSTR 302H Ancient Greece
HSTR 304H Ancient Rome
JRNL 100H Media History and Literacy
JPNS 150H  Japanese Culture and Civil
LSH 102H  Introduction to South & Southeast Asia 
LSH 161H  Introduction to Asian Humanities
MCLG 100H Introduction to Latin American Studies
MCLG 105H/RUSS 105H Introduction to Russian Culture
MCLG 211H Chinese Culture and Civilization
MCLG 231H Germanic Mythology and Culture
MCLG 360H/ARTH 402H Ancient Greek Civilization and Culture
MUSI 207H  World Music 
MUSI 301H  Music History I 
MUSI 302H  Music History II 
NASX 105H  Introduction to Native American Studies
NASX 405H  Gender Issues in Native American Studies
PHL 241N  History and Philosophy of Science
RLST 204H  Introduction to the Hebrew Bible 
RLST 232H  Buddhism
RUSS 105H Introduction to Russian Culture
THTR 330H Theatre History I
THTR 335H/ARTH 333H  Architectural History 

 Group VII: Social Sciences (S)

Social science courses describe and analyze human social organization and interaction, employing social data at a broad scale with statistical relevance, experimental data on individuals or groups, or qualitative data based on observation and discourse. 

Upon completion of a Social Sciences course, students will be able to: 

  1. Describe the nature, structure, and historical development of human behavior, organizations, social phenomena, and/or relationships;
  2. use theory in explaining these individual, group, or social phenomena; and/or
  3. understand, assess, and evaluate how conclusions and generalizations are justified based on data
Course # Title
ANTY 122S  Race and Minorities
ANTY 220S  Culture & Society
ANTY 250S  Introduction to Archaeology
BFIN 205S Personal Finance
BGEN 105S  Introduction to Business 
BGEN 160S/CCS 160S  Issues in Sustainability
BMGT 101S  Introduction to Entertainment Management
COMX 115S  Interpersonal Communication
COMX 191S GLI: Can Giving Change the World (one time only designation for autumn 2014)
COMX 191S GLI: Social Interaction, Relationship, and Human well-Being (one time only designation for autumn 2014)
COMX 202S  Nonverbal Communication
COMX 219S  Survey of Children's Communication
COMX 220S  Organizational Communication
ECNS 101S Economic Way of Thinking 
ECNS 201S  Principles of Microeconomics 
ECNS 202S Principles of Macroeconomics 
ENST 489S  Environmental Justice Issues and Solutions
GPHY 121S  Human Geography 
GPHY 141S Geography of World Regions
GPHY 323S Economic Geography of Rural Areas
KIN 191S GLI: Exercise is Medicine (one time only designation for autumn 2014)
LING 270S Introduction to Linguistics
NRSM 121S  Nature of Montana
NRSM 370S  Wildland Conservation Policy and Governance
PSCI 210S  Introduction to American Government
PSCI 220S  Introduction to Comparative Government
PSYX 100S  Introductory Psychology 
PSYX 161S Fundamentals of Organizational Psychology
PTRM 217S  Wildland Recreation Management
SOCI 101S  Introduction to Sociology 
SOCI 130S Sociology of Alternative Religions
SOCI 191S GLI:Who Am I? Identity and Our Diverse Social World (one time only designation for autumn 2014)
SOCI 211S  Introduction to Criminology 
SOCI 212S  Social Issues in Southeast Asia
SOCI 220S Race, Gender, and Class
SOCI 275S Gender and Society
WGSS 263S  Introduction to Women's & Gender Studies

 Group VIII: Ethics and Human Values (E)

Ethics and Human Values courses familiarize students with one or more traditions of ethical thought. These courses rigorously present the basic concepts and forms of reasoning that define and distinguish each tradition. The focus of these courses may be on one or more of these traditions, or on a concept such as justice or the good life as conceptualized within one or more of these traditions, or on a professional practice within a particular tradition.

Upon completion of an Ethics and Human Values course, students will be able to:

  1. correctly apply the basic concepts and forms of reasoning from the tradition or professional practice they studied to ethical issues that arise within those traditions or practices;
  2. analyze and critically evaluate the basic concepts and forms of reasoning from the tradition or professional practice they studied.
Course # Title
AHMS 270E  Medical Law and Ethics 
ANTY 326E Indigenous Peoples and Global Development
ANTY 403E Ethics and Anthropology
BGEN 320E Business Ethics and Social Responsibility 
CHMY 302E  Chemical Literature and Scientific Writing
CLAS 365E Roots of Western Ethics
CSCI 215E  Ethics and Information
CSCI 216E  Robots, Genetic Engineering, and Ethics
CSCI 315E  Computer, Ethics, and Society 
EDU 407E Ethics and Policy Issues
GEO 304E  Science and Society
HONR 122E Ways of Knowing II
HONR 320E Research Portfolio Seminar
HSTR 272E  Terrorism: Violence in the Modern World
HSTR 374E War, Peace, and Society
HTH 475E  Legal & Ethical Issues in the Health & Exercise Professions
LSH 389E Placebos: The Power of Words
NASX 303E  Ecological Perspectives of Native American Traditions
NASX 304E  Native American Beliefs and Philosophy
NRSM 449E Climate Change Policy and Ethics
NRSM 489E  Ethics, Forestry and Conservation  
PHAR 514E CASE Studies in Pharmacy Ethics
PHL 110E  Introduction to Ethics 
PHL 112E  Introduction to Ethics and the Environment 
PHL 114E  Introduction to Political Ethics 
PHL 210E  Moral Philosophy
PHL 321E  Philosophy and Biomedical Ethics 
PSCI 250E  Introduction to Political Theory
RLST 281E Comparative Ethics
SW 410E Social Work Ethics
WRIT 240E  Arguments and Contemporary Issues 

 Group IX: American and European Perspectives (Y)

These courses present a critical introduction to the antecedents, principles, institutions, cultures, traditions and legacies of the United States and Europe.

Upon completion of an American and European Perspective course, students will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate informed and reasoned understanding of American and/or European historical and contemporary behavior, ideas, institutions, and culture; and
  2. Analyze and evaluate what is distinctive and significant about the American and/or European experience and legacy.
Course # Title
ANTY 122S  Race and Minorities
ARTH 201H Art of World Civilizations II: Renaissance to Modern
ARTH 435  American Art
GRMN 351H  German Culture to 1900 
GRMN 352H  German Culture, 1900 to Present
GRMN 362Y  Germanic Mythology and Culture
HONR 122E Ways of Knowing II
HSTA 101H/103H  American History I/ Honors American History I 
HSTA 102H/104H  American History II/ Honors American History II 
HSTR 101H/103H  Western Civilization I /Honors Western Civilization I 
HSTR 102H/104H  Western Civilization II / Honors Western Civilization II 
HSTR 240H East Asian Civilizations
HSTR 377H  European International Relations 
HSTR 380H   Foreign Relations of the Great Powers
JRNL 100H Media History and Literacy
JRNL 102Y  News Literacy
LIT 222L British Literature: Victorian to Contemporary
MCLG 105Y, RUSS 105Y Introduction to Russian Culture
MUSI 301H  Music History I 
MUSI 302H  Music History II 
PHL 261Y  History of Ancient Philosophy
PHL 262Y  History of Modern Philosophy
PSCI 210S  Introduction to American Government
RUSS 105H   Introduction to Russian Culture
THTR 331Y Theatre History II

Group X: Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)

This perspective instills knowledge of diverse cultures in comparative and thematic frameworks. Students are encouraged to cultivate ways of thinking that foster an understanding of the complexities of indigenous cultures and global issues, past and present. Students will learn how geographically and culturally separate parts of the world are linked by various, multiple interactions.

Indigenous studies focus upon "first peoples" and their descendants who derive their cultural communal identities from their long-standing and/or historical habitation of particular places. These courses foster an appreciation for indigenous peoples, their histories and cultures, and their struggles both to maintain their ways of life and gain equal positions in world spheres of power and change.

Global studies investigate how societies and nations interact through human endeavor and /or natural processes. These courses encourage students to relate their knowledge of particular parts of the world, with their individual identities, and to larger trends and issues that affect multiple societies and environments. These include regional, national, and even transnational cultural flows, as well as a multiplicity of environmental processes and economic relationships.

Upon completion of an Indigenous and Global Perspective course, students will be able to:

  1. place human behavior and cultural ideas into a wider (global/indigenous) framework, and enhance their understanding of the complex interdependence of nations and societies and their physical environments;
  2. demonstrate an awareness of the diverse ways humans structure their social, political, and cultural lives; and 
  3. analyze and compare the rights and responsibilities of citizenship in the 21st century including those of their own societies and cultures.
Course # Title
AAS 141H/HSTA 141H Black: Africa to Hip-Hop and Beyond, An introduction
ANTY 101H  Anthropology and the Human Experience 
ANTY 103H Introduction to Latin American Studies
ANTY 133X Food and Culture
ANTY 141H  The Silk Road
ANTY 220S Culture & Society 
ANTY 241H Central Asian Cultures and Civilizations: Peoples and Environments
ANTY 251H Foundation of Civilization
ANTY 254H  Archaeological Wonders of the World
ANTY 306X

Contemporary Issues of American Indians

ANTY 323X  Native Peoples of Montana
ANTY 326E 

Indigenous Peoples and Global Development

ANTY 330X  People and Cultures of the World
ANTY 351H  Archaeology of North America
ANTY 352X  Archaeology of Montana
ANTY 354H  Mesoamerican Prehistory
ANTY 465X  Archaeology of the Southwestern United States
ARTH 200H  Art of World Civilization: Ancient to Medieval Art
CAS 140X Diversity and Addictions
CCS 103X Introduction to Climate Change: Science and Society
COMX 204X  International and Development Communication
COMX 212X Introduction to Intercultural Communication
DANC 360L  World Dance
ECNS 317X  Economic Development
GPHY 243X  Africa
GPHY 245X  The Middle East
HSTR 230H Colonial Latin America
HSTR 231H  Modern Latin America
HSTR 241H Central Asian Cult & Civ
HSTR 291X History of Modern Africa - (one time only designation for autumn 2014)
HSTR 384E  History of International Human Rights 
JPNS 150H  Japanese Culture and Civilization
LING 375X Endangered Languages
LSH 102H  Introduction to South & Southeast Asia
RLST 232H  Buddhism 
RLST 234X  Hinduism 
RLST 236X  Chinese Religions
RLST 238X  Japanese Religion 
MCLG 100H Introduction to Latin American Studies
MUSI 207H  World Music
NASX 105H  Introduction to Native American Studies
NASX 260X Indig Community Developmnt
NASX 201X  Indian Culture as Expressed through Language
NASX 210X  Native American Sports and Games
NASX 231X Indigenous World View Perspectives
NASX 235X  Oral and Written Traditions of Native America
NASX 260 Indians of North America
NASX 303E  Ecological Perspectives of Native Americans
NASX 304E  American Indian Religion and Philosophy
NASX 354X  Indians of Montana
NASX 405 Gender Issues in Native American Studies
NASX 464X  History of American Indian Affairs to 1776
NASX 465X  History of American Indian Affairs in the 19th Century
NASX 466X  History of Indian Affairs from 1890
NASX 475X Tribal Sovereignty
PSCI 230X  Introduction to International Relations
PTRM 345X  Sustaining Human Society and the Natural Environment
SSEA 102H Introduction to South & Southeast Asia 
SSEA 202X Introduction to India 

Group XI: Natural Science

These courses present scientific conclusions about the structure and function of the natural world, and demonstrate or exemplify scientific questioning and validation of findings.

Upon completion of a Natural Science course, a student will be able to:

  1. understand the general principles associated with the discipline(s) studied; 
  2. understand the methodology and activities scientists use to gather, validate and interpret data related to natural processes; 
  3. detect patterns, draw conclusions, develop conjectures and hypotheses, and test them by appropriate means and experiments; 
  4. understand how scientific laws and theories are verified by quantitative measurement, scientific observation, and logical/critical reasoning; 
  5. and understand the means by which analytic uncertainty is quantified and expressed in the natural sciences

Courses without a laboratory experience

Course # Title
ANTY 210N  Introduction to Physical Anthropology
ANTY 211N  Human Genetics
ASTR 131N Elementary Astronomy I
ASTR 132N Elementary Astronomy II
BIOB 130N Evolution and Society
BIOB 170N  Principles of Biological Diversity 
BIOE 172N  Introductory Ecology
BIOH 191N GLI: Human Genetics and Personalized Medicine (one time only designation for autumn 2014)
BIOM 135N Biology of Yellowstone Hot Springs
BIOM 250N  Microbiology for Health Sciences 
BIOO 101N  Survey of Montana Wildlife & Habitats 
CHMY 121N  Intro to General Chemistry 
CJUS 125N  Fund of Forensic Science 
CSD 221N Fundamentals of Acoustics: Applications in Speech, Hearing & Language
ENSC 105N  Environmental Science
ERTH 303N/CCS 303N Weather and Climate
GEO 101N  Intro to Physical Geology 
GEO 105N Oceanography
GEO 108N/CCS 108N Climate Change, Past and Future
GPHY 111N  Introduction to Physical Geography
GPHY 311N  Biogeography
NRSM 246N  Natural History, Ecology & Environmental Management South Queensland
NRSM 271N  Conservation Ecology
NUTR 221N  Basic Human Nutrition 
PHAR 110N Use and abuse of Drugs
PHAR 145N  Introduction to Cancer Biology
PHIL 241N

History and Philosophy of Science

PHSX 141N 

Relativity: From Galileo to Einstein and Beyond

PHSX 205N  Fundamentals of Physics I
PHSX 207N  Fundamentals of Physics II
PHSX 215N Fundamentals of Physics with Calculus I
PHSX 217N  Fundamentals of Physics with Calculus II
PSYX 250N  Fundamentals of Biological Psychology
SCN 100N Issues in Biology
SCN 175N Integrated Physical Science
WILD 105N Wildlife and People

Courses with a laboratory experience:

Course # Title
ANTY 213N   Introduction to Physical Anthropology Lab
ASTR 134N Elementary Astronomy Laboratory I
ASTR 135N Elementary Astronomy Laboratory II
ASTR 142N The Evolving Universe: Theories and Observation
BIOB 101N  Discover Biology 
BIOB 160N  Principles of Living Systems 
BIOB 171N  Principles of Biological Diversity Lab
BIOB 226N Gen Science: Earth & Life Science
BIOH 201N Human Anatomy Phys I
BIOH 202N Human Anatomy Phys I Lab
BIOH 211N Human Anatomy Phys II
BIOH 212N Human Anatomy Phys II Lab
BIOO 105N  Introduction to Botany 
CHMY 101N  Chemistry for the Consumer 
CHMY 141N College Chemistry I
CHMY 143N  College Chemistry II
FORS 241N  Dendrology
GEO 102N  Intro to Physical Geology Lab 
GEO 106N  The History of Life
GPHY 112N  Intro to Phys Geography Lab
NRSM 210N Soils, Water and Climate
PHSX 206N Physics Laboratory I
PHSX 208N  Physics Laboratory II
PHSX 216N  Physics Laboratory I with Calculus
PHSX 218N  Physics Laboratory II with Calculus
PHSX 225N General Science: Physical and Chemical Science
SCN 105N Montana Ecosystems
SCN 260N The Biology of Behavior

Courses that satisfy more than one Group are listed below:

Course # and Title General Education Groups
AAS 141H/HSTA 141H Black: Africa to Hip-Hop and Beyond, An introduction VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
AASC 167H Nature and Society I. English Writing Skills and VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) 
ANTY 101H Anthropology and the Human Experience  VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ANTY 122S Race and Minorities  VII. Social Sciences (S) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
ANTY 141H The Silk Road VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ANTY 220S Culture and Society VII. Social Sciences (S) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ANTY 241H Central Asian Cultures and Civilizations: Peoples and Environments VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ANTY 251H Foundation of Civilization VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ANTY 254H Archaeological Wonders of the World VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ANTY 326E Indigenous Peoples and Global Development VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ANTY 351H Archaeology of North America VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ANTY 354H Mesoamerican Prehistory VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ANTY 403E Ethics and Anthology  I. English Writing Skills and VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E)
ARTH 200H Art of World Civilization: Ancient to Medieval Art VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ARTH 201H Art of World Civilizations II: Renaissance to Modern  VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
ARTH 250L Introduction to Art Criticism I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
ARTH 434H Latin American Art I. English Writing Skills and VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) 
CHMY 302E Chemical Literature and Scientific Writing I. English Writing Skills and VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E)
CLAS 251L The Epic I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
CLAS 252L Greek Drama:Politics on Stage I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
CSCI 215E Ethics and Information Technology I. English Writing Skills and VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E) 
CSCI 216E Robots, Genetic Engineering, and Ethics I. English Writing Skills and VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E) 
DANC 360L World Dance  V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
ENST 231H Nature and Society - Missoula College  I. English Writing Skills and VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) 
GRMN 351H German Culture to 1900  I. English Writing Skills and VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) 
GRMN 352H German Culture from 1900 to the Present  I. English Writing Skills and VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H)
HONR 122E Ways of Knowing II VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
HSTA 102H/104H American History II VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
HSTR 101H/103H Western Civilization I VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
HSTR 102H/104H Western Civilization II VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
HSTR 230H Colonial Latin America VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
HSTR 231H Modern Latin America VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X) 
HSTR 240H East Asian Civilizations VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X) 
HSTR 241H Central Asian Cult & Civ VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives 
HSTR 377H European International Relations: Origins of the State System to 1870 VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
HSTR 380H Foreign Relations of the Great Powers VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
HSTR 384E History of International Human Rights VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
JRNL 100H Media History and Literacy VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
JPNS 150H Japanese Culture and Civilization VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
LIT 110L Introduction to Literature I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
LIT 120L Poetry I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
LIT 210L American Literature I I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
LIT 211L American Literature II I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
LIT 220L  British Literature: Medieval through Early Modern I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
LIT 221L Enlightenment to Romantics I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
LIT 222L British Literature: Victorian to Contemporary V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
LIT 342L Montana Writers  I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
LSH 151l/152L Introduction to the Humanities I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L)
M 162 Applied Calculus II. Mathematics and III. Modern and Classical Languages or Symbolic Systems
M 171 Calculus I II. Mathematics and III. Modern and Classical Languages or Symbolic Systems
MCLG 100H/ANTY 103H Introduction to Latin American Studies VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
MUSI 207H World Music VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
MUSI 301H Music History I  VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
MUSI 302H Music History II I. English Writing Skills and VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
NASX 105H Introduction to Native American Studies VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
NASX 235X Oral and Written Traditions of Native America I. English Writing Skills and V. Literary and Artistic Studies (L) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
NASX 303E Ecological Perspectives of Native Americans VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
NASX 304E American Indian Religion and Philosophy VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E) and  X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
PHL 210E Moral Philosophy I. English Writing Skills and VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E) 
PHL 241N History and Philosophy of Science XI Natural Science without a lab (NS) and VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H)
PSCI 210S Introduction to American Government VII. Social Sciences (S) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
RUSS 105H Introduction to Russian Culture VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
SSEA 102H Introduction to South and Southeast Asia VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H) and X. Indigenous and Global Perspectives (X)
STAT 216 Intro to Statistics II. Mathematics and III. Modern and Classical Languages or Symbolic Systems
STAT 451 Statistical Methods I II. Mathematics and III. Modern and Classical Languages or Symbolic Systems
THTR 330H Theatre History I I. English Writing Skills and VI. Historical and Cultural Studies (H)
THTR 331Y Theatre History II I. English Writing Skills and IX. American and European Perspectives (Y)
WRIT 240E Rhetoric and Ethics: Writing Arguments about Contemporary Issues I. English Writing Skills and VIII. Ethics and Human Values (E)

General Education for Transfer Students

Students transferring credits from other institutions must meet all requirements by transfer, by examination, or by completing courses at the University of Montana-Missoula.

According to Board of Regents policy, students who can demonstrate that they have completed an approved lower-division general education requirement at an approved Montana institution of higher education will be deemed to have completed general education requirements except for the upper-division writing proficiency assessment and the upper-division writing requirements in their majors.

Transfer students who believe they have completed an approved lower-division general education requirement at another Montana school should request that the registrar of the other school send a letter to the University Registrar’s Office certifying that the requirement has been met.

If students transfer 20 or more approved Montana University System core course credits with their initial registration at UM-Missoula, they may choose to complete the MUS General Education rather than the UM-Missoula General Education requirement

Students governed by the 2006-2007 catalog or later catalogs must earn a traditional letter grade of C- or better in courses used to satisfy General Education (except English composition and the Mathematical Literacy course must be a C or better). Students enrolled in a post-secondary institution prior to autumn 2006 may be eligible to choose an earlier governing catalog. Refer to the Governing Catalog information in the previous section. See index.

Students who have completed a bachelor degree at the University or elsewhere will be presumed to have completed the General Education Requirement.

Admissions & New Student Services will evaluate all transfer credits for General Education credit. Students who wish to appeal that evaluation may petition the Graduation Appeals Subcommittee of the Academic Standards and Curriculum Review Committee, but such petitions must be initiated during the first semester of the student's attendance following that evaluation.

Major and Minor Requirements

Major Requirements

Declaring a Major and Changing a Major

Students indicate on the application for admission the major or majors in which they are interested. Students undecided as to a field of interest may elect to be Undeclared while making program and career decisions. Students must declare a major in a degree granting program prior to completion of 45 credits or after three semesters, whichever occurs first.

Students must complete a major in order to earn a degree or certificate.

Students may change their majors or minors by obtaining the proper approval on a change of major or minor form available from the Registration Counter in Griz Central in the Lommasson Center. Because of enrollment limitations, students must request a change to a program in the Missoula College by completing an application for admission and submitting it to the College. Students whose initial admission was to the Missoula College may change to a major outside the College by submitting an application for admission to Enrollment Services-Admissions & New Student Services in the Lommasson Center.

Credits Required for a Major

Students in a bachelor degree program must complete a minimum of 30 credits in their major. Most majors require more.

Students may elect to earn a single degree with more than one major. Students may complete a double major (two majors) or any number of majors. All requirements for the majors must be completed even though students will receive a single degree such as a Bachelor of Arts with majors in Psychology and Sociology. It is only necessary to complete the total credit requirement for a single bachelor degree.

Courses completed to satisfy the requirements of a major also may be applied toward the General Education Requirement if they appear on the list of approved courses at the time they are taken.

Students in programs in the Missoula College complete requirements as listed in the College section of this catalog. See index.

Credit Limitations in a Major

A maximum of 60 credits in the student's major may be counted toward the baccalaureate degree, except some options in Health and Human Performance and Education, majors in Computer Science, and majors in the Schools of Business Administration, College of Visual and Performing Arts, Journalism, Law, The College of Health Professions and Biomedical Sciences and the College of Forestry and Conservation are allowed more. Students with combined majors, as opposed to two majors, are allowed to apply 75 credits in the major.

Grade Requirement

Courses taken to satisfy the requirements of the major must be completed with a grade of C- or better.

A minimum grade average of 2.00 in all work attempted in the major at the University of Montana-Missoula is required for graduation.

Options

Groups of courses have been identified which lead to a specialization within one major or between two or more majors. These specializations are called options. The names of approved options will be recorded on the permanent records of those students who have satisfactorily completed the requirements as given in the catalog governing their graduation. A student desiring a particular option must satisfy the requirements of the major offering it. If one option is offered within two or more majors, the student must satisfy the requirements of only one.

Only courses listed within the supporting major count toward the 60 credit limitation in the major. Courses in other fields do not count toward the maximum of 60 credits in the major even though they may be required or elected for the options.

If one major has two or more options, a student may satisfy the requirements for more than one option so long as the maximum credit limitations are observed.

Minor Requirements

Baccalaureate students may elect to complete one or more minors in fields outside their majors. Minors may be in fields unrelated to students' majors or they may be complementary or supportive of majors. A student may not take a minor in the same field of study as his or her major.

A student will not be required to satisfy the requirements of a minor in order to graduate unless that minor is required by the student's major department or school.

Courses completed to satisfy the requirements of a minor also may be applied toward the General Education Requirement if they appear on the list of approved courses at the time they are taken.

Credits Required for a Minor

To complete a minor, students must earn at least 18 credits in an approved minor listed in this catalog and complete a baccalaureate degree.

Students possessing a baccalaureate degree from an accredited college or university may earn a minor if they have been accepted by the University as an undergraduate degree student. In addition to meeting minor requirements, students must earn from the University of Montana-Missoula a minimum of 9 credits in the minor field and 15 credits overall.

Grade Requirement

Courses taken to satisfy the requirements of the major and the minor must be completed with a grade of C- or better.  Some majors require a C or higher grade for some of the required courses.  Specific information regarding the major requirements can be found in the majors individual section of the catalog.   

A minimum grade average of 2.00 in all work attempted in the minor at the University of Montana-Missoula is required for graduation with the minor.

Teaching Minors

Teaching minors are separate entities from degree minors as described in this section. Teaching minors are identified and requirements listed in the College of Education section of this catalog.