Campus Law Enforcement and Jurisdiction, Separate Campuses

The University of Montana Police Department (UMPD) is responsible for law enforcement on University of Montana campus and serves a community of approximately 13,000 students and 2,000 employees who work and study at UM.

UMPD officers are vested with full law enforcement powers and responsibilities within the UMPD jurisdiction, identical to the Missoula Police Department (MPD) and the Missoula County Sheriff's Department (MCSD). The authority for UMPD is derived from Montana Code Annotated, Section 20-25-321.

UMPD provides continuous year-round security and law enforcement protection to the University community. The department operates 24 hours a day and provides services seven days a week with access to municipal fire and emergency medical services. UMPD officers patrol the campus on a 24-hour basis. UMPD staffs Detectives, a Bicycle Patrol, K9 Officers, and a Community Liaison Officer for residence halls, described in Section 9.B. of this report. Residence Halls and Villages are also assigned an Area Officer to work closely with resident students and staff.

Reporting Crime or Other Emergencies

UMPD Jurisdiction and the Mutual Aid Agreement

UMPD’s jurisdiction extends one mile beyond the University campus for University-related activities.

UMPD maintains Memorandums of Understanding (MOU) with two other law enforcement agencies: the Missoula Police Department (MPD) and the Missoula County Sheriff’s Department (MCSD). These agreements with these two agencies are known as the ―Mutual Aid Agreement.

Under these MOUs, UM Police may request assistance for aid from these agencies during a response or investigation. Per these MOUs, UM Police Officers may take enforcement action outside the jurisdiction of UMPD in emergency situations. UMPD and these agencies also routinely share information to assist in investigations and crime prevention.

In addition to the Mutual Aid Agreement with the Missoula Police Department and the Missoula County Sheriff’s Office, UMPD also maintains a cooperative relationship with the Montana Highway Patrol (MHP).

Officers prepare and submit incident and crime reports statistics to the Montana Board of Crime Control (National Incident Based Reporting Standards). They routinely share information on arrests and serious crimes with the Missoula Police Department and Missoula County Sheriff's Department.

UMPD Response to Reported Crime

UMPD will respond to reports of crime against persons and all property owned, controlled, leased, or operated by the University of Montana.

On a 24-hour basis, dispatchers can instantly dispatch University Police, Missoula fire and emergency medical services, and if needed will request assistance from the Missoula Police Department (MPD) and/or Missoula County Sheriff's Office (MCSO). All reports of criminal activity occurring within the UMPD jurisdiction will be investigated and, if the investigation confirms a violation of the state criminal code, the matter will be referred to the Missoula County Attorney or Missoula City Attorney for prosecution. Reports of criminal activity received by UMPD occurring outside its jurisdiction will be referred to the appropriate city or county law enforcement agency.

2016 Annual Campus Security & Fire Safety Report Page 10 University of Montana A log of daily crime reports is maintained and available for review by the campus community and the public at large. The crime log is available through UMPD.

Dispatch and Parking: UMPD’s dispatch center is continuously staffed with trained and certified dispatchers who answer calls for service, dispatch officers and other emergency personnel to incidents, and monitor burglary and fire alarms. The department also employs students who carry out a variety of roles, including administrative support and parking services.

Training: All UM police officers receive training and state certification at the Montana Law Enforcement Academy and subscribe to the Montana Public Safety Officer Standards and Training (POST). They complete additional in-service and regional training in firearms, defensive tactics, legal updates, evidence gathering, traffic investigations, Sexual Assault First Responder Training, and a variety of crime investigation and crime prevention techniques. All University Police 911 dispatchers are trained and certified by the state.

Special Event Team Members: UMPD also employs non-sworn Special Event Team (SET) members to provide additional security at athletic and entertainment events. SET members are trained annually by UMPD. The training entails venue security, UM policies, de-escalation techniques, and enforcement communication. SET members work in collaboration with UMPD to assist in the enforcement of university rules and regulations and the safeguarding of the campus community. SET members do not have arrest powers. SET members have citizen’s arrest powers but do not typically exercise these powers. UMPD has the primary authority and jurisdiction on all criminal matters on campus.

Crime Prevention Unit: UMPD takes a proactive role on campus by promoting safety and crime prevention through outreach programs and services. The Crime Prevention Unit offers a variety of programs and services to the campus community. These include GrizWalk, which is a student escort service, and the Community Relations Officer assigned to the residence halls. Crime prevention and safety resources are described further in Section 9.B.

UMPD is located in Building 32 (Physical Plant), directly east of the Washington-Grizzly Stadium.

Working Relationships with Local, State, and Federal Law Enforcement Agencies

As described above, the University of Montana Police Department maintains a Memorandum of Understanding, the “Mutual Aid Agreement” with the Missoula Police Department (MPD) and the Missoula County Sheriff's Office (MCSO). UMPD also maintains a cooperative relationship with the Montana Highway Patrol (MHP). Under the Mutual Aid Agreement, UMPD may request assistance for aid from any of these agencies during the response or investigation of a call for service. UMPD does enforce vehicle and traffic laws within the boundaries of the campus or on streets and alleys contiguous to campus. UMPD assumes first jurisdiction and responsibility for all felony crimes other than crimes against persons or felony drug crimes. UMPD assumes first jurisdiction on all misdemeanors occurring on University property, property occupied by registered student organizations and events sponsored by the University, and will provide mutual aid and support to the Missoula Police Department on request as available. UMPD and these agencies routinely share information to assist in investigations and crime prevention.

In addition to working with the Missoula Police Department, the Missoula County Sheriff’s Office, and the Montana Highway Patrol, UMPD works with several other local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies on incidents that occur on other UM properties not contiguous with the Mountain Campus. These properties include the Missoula College campuses, Bitterroot College in Hamilton, and several other research facilities and land parcels. Additional law enforcement agencies include the U.S. Forest Service Law Enforcement (USFS), the Hamilton Police Department (HPD), the Lake County Sheriff’s Office (LCSO), and the Ravalli County Sheriff’s Office (RCSO).

UMPD solicits crime statistics from all of these agencies for the purposes of preparing the Annual Campus Security and Fire Safety Report.