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Social Science 

As a relatively new technology, not much is known about public attitudes towards geonengineering.  The potential impact of the technology on so many different populations suggests that the public need to be informed and involved with discussions concerning how to move forward.  A number of questions present themselves. What methods of public involvement are appropriate?  Are people likely to approve of the testing and deployment of climate engineering technologies?  Are there particular populations whose needs take on increased significance in the geoengineering discussion? Will different populations across the globe adopt different views over its acceptability?  Will the inclusion of sections of the public "upstream" in the development of these technologies change the nature of the discussion about deployment and perhaps even change the development of the technologies themselves?  

In order to answer some of these questions, social science research engaging the public on some of the key questions concerning geoengineering has begun.  Here we provide links to some of the key studies that have been conducted to date (as well as some reports generated by early workshops that have included the public). Click on a map to find references to the studies.  At the bottom of the page are a few introductory readings on why the social science of climate engineering is important.

Alaska, USA         Australia            Canada                 Ethiopia                                                   

 Alaska          Australia Map            Canada                 Ethiopia                                                                    

Fiji                  Germany                   Japan                    Kenya                        

Fiji           Germany                           Japan                           Kenya                 

New Zealand         Senegal          South Africa      Solomon Islands  

New Zealand Map                     Senegal             South Africa              Solomon Islands                  

 Sweden         United Kingdom      United States

      Sweden                          United Kingdom                United States   

Some Introductory Resources:

Carr, W. A., Preston, C. J., Yung, L., Szerszynski, B., Keith, D. W., & Mercer, A. M. (2013). Public engagement on solar radiation management and why it needs to happen now. Climatic change 121(3): 567-577.

Corner A., Pidgeon N., Parkhill K. (2012). Perceptions of Geoengineering: Public attitudes, stakeholder perspectives & the challenge of 'upstream' engagement. WIRES Climage Change, 3(5), 451-466. (10.1002/wcc.176) 

Parkhill K., Pidgeon N., Corner A., and Vaughan N. (2013). Deliberation and responsible innovation: a geoengineering case study. In Owen R, Bessant J, Heintz M (eds) (pps. 219–239) Responsible innovation. Wiley, London

Stirling A. (2008) Opening up and closing down: power, participation and pluralism in the social appraisal of technology. Science, Technology, and Human Values 33:262–294.

Wilsdon J., Willis R. (2004) See-through science: why public engagement needs to move upstream. Demos, London