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-- scientific resources devoted to some of the less discussed proposals for climate engineering -- 

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Abate, R. (2011). A tale of two carbon sinks: Can forest carbon management serve as a framework to implement ocean iron fertilization as a climate change treaty compliance mechanism? Seattle Journal of Environmental Law [Online]. 

Abiodun, B. J., Salami, A. T., Matthew, O. J., & Odedokun, S. (2012). Potential impacts of afforestation on climate change and extreme events in Nigeria. Climate Dynamics. [Online]

African Biodiversity Network, et al. (2009). Biochar Land Grabbing: the impacts on Africa. Biofuels Watch [Online].

Ansari, A. (2009). Can 'biochar' save the planet? CNN [Online].


Barrow, C. J. (2012). Biochar: Potential for countering land degradation and for improving agriculture. Applied Geography, 34, 21-28.

BiofuelWatch (2011). Tar sands with biochar? BiofuelWatch [Online].

BiofuelWatch (2011). Biochar: A Critical Review of Science and Policy. [Online]

Boucher, J.-F., Tremblay, P., Gaboury, S., Villeneuve, C. (2012). Can boreal afforestation help offset incompressible GHG emissions from Canadian industries?. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 90(6), 459-466. [Online]


Canadell, J.G. & Raupach, M.R. (2011). Managing Forests for Climate Change Mitigation. Science, 320, 1456-1457. [Online]

Clough, T.J. & Condron, L.M. (2010). Biochar and the nitrogen cycle. Journal of Environmental Quality, 39, 1218-1223. [Online]

Collison, M., et al. (2009). Biochar and Carbon Sequestration: A Regional Perspective; A report prepared for East of England Development Agency. Low Carbon Innovation Centre, University of East Anglia [Online]. 


Freeman, C., Fenner, N., Shirsat, A. H. (2012). Peatland geoengineering: an alternative approach to terrestrial carbon sequestration. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 370(1974), 4404-4421 [Online].


Goff, F. & Lackner, K.S. (1998). Carbon dioxide sequestering using ultramafic rocks. Environmental Geoscience, 5, 89-101. [Online]

Goodall, C. (2009). Biochar: Much is unknown but this is no reason to rule it out. [Online].

Gordon, J. (2010). Jason Aramburu on the Promise of Biochar. Treehugger [Online].


Hempsell, M. (2006). Space power as a response to global catastrophes. Acta Astronautica, 59, 524-530.

House, K. J., Baclic, A. C., Ranjan, M., van Nierop, E. A., Wilcox, J., & Herzog, H. J. (2011). Economic and energetic analysis of capturing CO2 from ambient air. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, 108(51), 20428-20433. [Online]


Leach, M. & Fairhead, J.F.J. (2011). Land Grabs for Biochar? Narratives and Counter Biogenic Carbon Sequestration Economy Land Deal Politics Initative.

Lehmann, J. & Joseph, S. (2009). Biochar for environmental management: An introduction. In J.Lehmann & S. Joseph (Eds.), Biochar for Environmental Management, Science and Technology. (pp. 1-12). London: Earthscan.


Major, J., et al. (2010). Maize yield and nutrition during 4 years after biochar application to a Colombian savanna oxisol. Plant & Soil, 333, 117-128.

Mattila, T., Grönroos, J., Judl, J., & Korhonen, M.R. (2012). Is biochar or straw-bale construction a better carbon storage from a life cycle perspective?. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 90(6), 452-458. [Online]

McCarl, B., et al. (2009). Economics of Biochar Production, Utilization and Greenhouse Gas Offsets. In J.Lehmann & S. Joseph (Eds.), Biochar for Environmental Management: Science and Technology (pp. 341-356). London: Earthscan.

McDermott, M. (2011). Reforestation & Biochar: Two Geoengineering Methods That Won't Cause More Harm Than Good. Treehugger [Online].

McGee, T. (2008). Biochar Offers Answer for Healthy Soil and Carbon Sequestration. Treehugger [Online].


Roberts, K.G., et al. (2010). Life Cycle Assessment of Biochar Systems: Estimating the Energetic, Economic, and Climate Change Potential. Environmental Science & Technology, 44(2), 827-833. [Online


Shackley, S., et al. (2009). Biochar, reducing and removing CO2 while improving soils: A significant and sustainable response to climate change (Rep. No. UKBRC Working Paper No. 2).

Sherman, S.R. (2009). Nuclear Powered CO2 Capture from the Atmosphere. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 28, 52-59. [Online]

Shetty, R.P., Endy, D., & Knight, T.F. (2008). Engineering BioBrick Vectors from BioBrick Parts. Journal of Biological Engineering, 2, 5. [Online]


Taghizadeh-Toosi, A., et al. (2011). Biochar Incorporation into Pasture Soil Suppresses in situ Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Ruminant Urine Patches. Journal of Environmental Quality, 40,468-476. [Online]


Whitman, T., Scholz, S.M., & Lehmann, J. (2010). Biochar Projects for Mitigating Climate Change: An Investigation of Critical Methodology Issues for Carbon Accounting.Carbon Management, 1, 89-107. 

Woolf, D., et al. (2010). Sustainable Biochar to Mitigate Global Climate Change. Nature Communications, 1, 1-9. [Online]

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Meridians image is in the public domain. Kenyan woman image by Oxfam. Globe image by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.