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-- philosophical, specifically ethical, papers related to geoengineering --  

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Adger, W. N., J. Paavola, S. Huq, & M. J. Mace (Eds.). (2005). Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Amsler, S. S. (2010). Bringing hope ‘to crisis’: Crisis thinking, ethical action and social change. In S. Skrimshire (Ed.), Future Ethics: Climate Change and Apocalyptic Imagination (pp. 129-152). New York, NY: Continuum.

Attfield, R. (2003). Global warming, justice and future generations. Philosophy of Management 3(1), 17-23.


Barione, D. & Ripert, J. (1994). Exercising Common but Differentiated Responsibility. In I. M. Mitzner & J.A. Leonard (Eds.), Negotiating Climate Change: The inside Story of the Rio Convention. Cambridge, England : Cambridge University Press.

Bertrand, V. (2002). Governing for the environment: Global problems, ethics, and democracy. Ethics and International Affairs 16, 164-68.

Betz, G. (2012). The case for climate engineering research: An analysis of the “arm the future” argument. Climatic Change 111(2), 473-485.

Betz, G. & Cacean, S. (2011). The moral controversy about climate engineering – an argument map (version 2011-02-24). Karlsruhe, Germany: Karlsruhe Institute for Technology. [Online]

Borgmann, A. (2011). Science, ethics, and technology and the challenge of global warming. In D. Scott and B. Francis (Eds.), Debating Science: Deliberation, Values, and the Common Good (pp. 169-177). Amherst, NY: Humanity Books.  

Brown, D. (2001). The ethical dimensions of global environmental issues. Daedalus 130, 59-77.

Brown, D. (2002). American heat: Ethical problems with the United States' response to global warming. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Bunzl, M. (2008). An ethical assessment of geoengineering. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 64(2), 18

Bunzl, M. (2009). Geoengineering research: Shouldn’t or couldn’t?. Environmental Research Letters, 4, 1-3.

Bunzl, M. (2009). Researching geoengineering: Should not or could not? Environmental Research Letters, 4, 1-3.

Bunzl, M. (2011). Geoengineering harms and compensation. Stanford Journal of Law, Science & Policy 4, 70-76.

Burns, W. C. G. (2011). Climate geoengineering: Solar radiation management and its implications for intergenerational equity. Stanford Journal of Law, Science & Policy, May, 38-55. [Online]


Caney, S. (2010). Climate change, human rights, and moral thresholds. In S. Gardner, S. Caney, D. Jamieson, & H. Shue (Eds.), Climate Ethics (pp. 163-177). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. 

Cuomo, C. (2011). Climate change, vulnerability, and responsibility. Hypatia, 26, 690-714.

Curvelo, P. (2012). Exploring the ethics of geoengineering through images. The International Journal of the Image 2(2), 177–198 [Online].


Dembe, A. E. & Boden, L. I. (2000). Moral hazard: A question of morality?. New Solutions, 10(3), 257-279. 

Donner, S. D. (2007). Domain of the gods: An editorial essay. Climatic Change, 85, 231-236. [Online]


Gardiner, S. M. (2001). The real tragedy of the commons. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 30, 387-416.

Gardiner, S. M. (2003). The pure intergenerational problem. The Monist, 86(3), 481-500.

Gardiner, S. M. (2004). Ethics and global climate change. Ethics, 114(3), 555-600.

Gardiner, S. M. (2006). A core precautionary principle. The Journal of Political Philosophy, 14(1), 33-60.

Gardiner, S. M. (2006). A perfect moral storm: Climate change, intergenerational ethics and the problem of corruption. Environmental Values, 15(3), 397-413.

Gardiner, S. M. (2009). A contract on future generations?. In A. Gosseries & L. Meyer (Eds.), Intergenerational Justice (pp. 77-118). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gardiner, S. M. (2009). Saved by disaster? Abrupt climate change, political inertia, and the possibility of an intergenerational arms race. Journal of Social Philosophy, 40, 140-162.

Gardiner, S. M. (2010). Is “arming the future” with geoengineering really the lesser evil?: Some doubts about the ethics of intentionally manipulating the climate system. In S. Gardiner, S. Caney, D. Jamieson, & H. Shue (Eds.), Climate Ethics: Essential Readings (284-312). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gardiner, S. M. (2011). A perfect moral storm: The ethical tragedy of climate change. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gardiner, S. M. (2011). Some early ethics of geoengineering the climate: A commentary on the values of the Royal Society report. Environmental Values, 20(2), 163-188.

Gardiner, S. M. (2012). Human rights in a hostile climate. Human Rights: The Hard Questions, forthcoming. [Online

Gardiner, S. M. (2013). The Desperation Argument for Geoengineering. PS: Political Science and Politics, 46 (28-33). [Online]  

Gordijn, B. & ten Have, H. (2012). Ethics of mitigation, adaptation, and geoengineering. Medical Health Care and Philosophy, 15(1), 1-2. [Online


Hale, B. (2009). Remediation and respect: Do remediation technologies alter our responsibility? Environmental Values, 18, 397-415.

Hale, B. (2009). What's so moral about the moral hazard?. Public Affairs Quarterly, 23(1), 1-26.

Hale, B. (2009). You say 'solution,' I say 'pollution': Ocean fertilization is a fishy solution to a whale of a problem. Science Progress. [Online

Hale, B. (2010). Geoengineering, ocean fertilization, and the problem of permissible pollution. Science, Technology, & Human Values. [Online

Hale, B. (2010, October). Moral hazards and geoengineering. Paper presented at the Ethics of Geoengineering Workshop, University of Montana.

Hale, B. (2011). Getting the bad out: Remediation technologies and respect for others. In J. K. Cambell, M. O'Rourke, & M. Slater (Eds.), The Environment: Topics in Contemporary Philosophy, Vol. 9. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Hamilton, C. (2011). The ethical foundations of climate engineering. Personal website of author. [Online

Hamilton, C. (2011). The return of Dr. Strangelove: The politics of climate engineering as a response to global warming. Personal website of the author. [Online]

Hamilton, C. (2011, September). Ethical anxieties about geoengineering: Moral hazard, slippery slope, and playing god. Paper presented at Australian Academy of Science Conference: Geoengineering the Climate? A Southern Hemisphere Perspective, Canberra, Australia. [Online

Hamilton, C. (2011, December 5). The clique that is trying to frame the global geoengineering debate. The Guardian. [Online]

Hamilton, C. (2013). Earthmasters. Playing God with the climate. Crow's Nest, NSW Australia: Allen & Unwin Publishers.

Haqq-Misra, J. (2012). An ecological compass for planetary engineering. Astrobiology 12(10), 985–997. [Online]

Heyd, D. (2009). A value or an obligation?: Rawls on justice to future generations. In A. Gosseries & L. Meyer (Eds.), Intergenerational Justice (pp. 167-188). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 

Heyward, C. (2013). Situating and abandoning geoengineering: A typology of five responses to dangerous climate change. PS: Political Science & Politics, 46, (23-27). [Online

Hill, T. (2007). Ideals of excellence and preserving natural environments. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), Ethics in Practice (3rd ed.). Oxford, England: Blackwell Publishers.

Hulme, M. (2012). Climate change: Climate engineering through stratospheric aerosol injection. Progress in Physical Geography, 36(5), 694–705. [Online]


Jamieson, D. (1992). Ethics, public policy, and global warming. Science, Technology, & Human Values, 17(2), 139-153.

Jamieson, D. (1996). Ethics and intentional climate change. Climatic Change, 33(3), 323-336. [Online]

Jamieson, D. (2005). Adaptation, mitigation, and justice. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong & R.   B. Howarth (Eds.), Perspectives on Climate Change: Science, Economics, Politics, Ethics, Vol. 5: Advances in the Economics of Environmental Resources (pp. 217-248). London, England: Elsevier Ltd.

Jamieson, D. (2010, September). Can space reflectors save us? Why we shouldn't buy into geoengineering fantasies. Slate. [Online

Johnson, B. (2003). Ethical obligations in a tragedy of the commons. Environmental Values, 12, 271-287.


Katz, E. (1992). The call of the wild: The struggle for domination and the technological fix of nature. Environmental Ethics, 14(3), 265-273. 

Keith, D. (2000). The Earth is Not Yet an Artifact. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 19, 25-28.

Kempton, W., Boster, J. S., & Hartley, J. A. (1995). Environmental values in American culture. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kiehl, J. (2006). Geoengineering climate change: Treating the symptom over the cause?. Climatic Change, 77(3), 227-228.

Kumar, R. (2009). Wronging future people: A contractualist proposal. In A. Gosseries &   L. Meyer (Eds.), Intergenerational Justice (pp. 251-272). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 


Leal-Arcas, R. & Filis, A. (2012). Geoengineering a future for humankind: Some technical and ethical considerations. Carbon and Climate Law Review, 6(2), 128-148. [Online].

Lee, K. (1999). The natural and the artefactual: The implications of deep science and deep technology for environmental philosophy. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Levene, M. (2010). The apocalyptic as contemporary dialectic: From Thanatos (violence) to Eros (transformation). In S. Skrimshire (Ed.), Future Ethics: Climate Change and Apocalyptic Imagination (pp. 59-80). New York, NY: Continuum.

Lin, A. (2012). Does geoengineering present a moral hazard?. Ecology Law Quarterly (forthcoming). [Online]


May, L. (2007). The international community, solidarity, and the duty to aid. Journal of Social Philosophy 38, 185-203.

McKibben, B. (1989). The end of nature. New York, NY: Random House.

Minteer, B. A. (2012) Geoengineering and ecological ethics in the anthropocene. BioScience 62(10), 857–858. [Online]

Morrow, D. R., Kopp, R. E., & Oppenheimer, M. (2009). Toward ethical norms and institutions for climate engineering research. Environmental Research Letters 4[045106].


Nolt, J. (2011). Greenhouse gas emission and the domination of posterity. In D. Arnold (Ed.), The Ethics of Global Climate Change (pp. 60-76). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Nolt, J. (2011). Nonanthropocentric climate ethics. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 2(5), 701-711.

Northcott, M. (2007). A moral climate: The ethics of global warming. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis. 


Ott, K. (2004). Essential components of future ethics. In R. Döring & M. Rühs (Eds.), Ökonomische Rationalität und praktische Vernunft (pp. 83-108). Würzburg, Germany: Königshausen & Neumann.

Ott, K. (2008). Ethical foundations of climate change policies. In S. Bergmann & D. Gerthen (Eds.), Religion and Dangerous Environmental Change (pp. 195-204). Münster, Germany, LIT Publishers.


Palmer, C. (2011). Does nature matter? The place of the non-human in the ethics of climate change. In D. G. Arnold (Ed.), The Ethics of Global Climate Change (pp. 272-291). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Peterson, A. L. (2001). Being human: Ethics, environment, and our place in the world. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Posner, E. A. & Weisbach, D. (2010). Climate change justice. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Preston, C. J. (2011). Re-thinking the unthinkable: Environmental ethics and the presumptive argument against geoengineering. Environmental Values, 20(4), 457-479.

Preston, C. J. (2012). Ethics and geoengineering: Reviewing the moral issues raised by solar radiation management and carbon dioxide removal. WIREs Climate Change. [Online

Preston, C. J., (ed.) (2012). Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management. Lantham, MD: Lexington Books.


Ralston, S. J. (2009). Engineering an artful and ethical solution to the problem of global warming. Review of Policy Research, 26, 821-837.

Robock, A. (2012). Is geoengineering research ethical?. Sicherheit und Frieden, 2012:4.

Robb, C. (2010). Wind, sun, soil, spirit: Biblical ethics and climate change. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.


Svoboda, T. et al. (2011). Sulfate Aerosol Geoengineering: The Question of Justice. Public Affairs Quarterly, 25, 157-180.

Svoboda, T. (2012). Is aerosol geoengineering ethically preferable to other climate change strategies? Ethics and the Environment, 17(2). [pre-print version Online]

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Meridians image is in the public domain. Kenyan woman image by Oxfam. Globe image by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.