Accessible Navigation. Go to: Navigation Main Content Footer
Decoration Image Decoration Image Decoration Image

LEGAL (AND ADVISORY) FRAMEWORKS

-- relevant conventions, policy statements, and legal frameworks (national & international) pertaining to geoengineering; developed in conjunction with the Energy, Policy, and Climate Program at Johns Hopkins University --



 American Meterological Society:

Policy Statement on Geoengineering the Climate System, 20 July 2009 Online


Asilomar International Conference:

Statement on Climate Intervention Technologies, 26 March 2010 Online

 

Commission of the European Communities:

Directive to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading system, 23 January 2008 Online

 

Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity:

IX/16. Biodiversity and climate change, 9 October 2008 Online

IX/20. Marine and coastal biodiversity, 9 October 2008 Online

X/29. Marine and coastal biodiversity, 19 December 2010 Online

X/33. Biodiversity and climate change, 19 December 2010 Online

 

Convention on Biological Diversity:

Technical and Regulatory Matters on Geoengineering, 12 March 2012 Online

Statement on Behalf of the Executive Secretary to the Convention on Biological Diversity, 31 May 2011 Online

Call for Experts on Climate-Related Geo-Engineering, 21 April 2011 Online

 

Conventions and Protocols

Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (see especially Articles 1; 2; 9), 1979  Online

Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (MARPOL) (see especially Article 3.1.a; 3.1.b), 29 December 1972  Online

Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Uses of Environmental Modification Techniques, YEAR Online

Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, 1987 Online

 

London Convention and Protocol:

Resolution on the Regulation of Ocean Fertilization, 31 October 2008 Online

Assessment Framework for Research Involving Ocean Fertilization, 14 October 2010 Online

Resolution of the Assessment Framework for Research Involving Ocean Fertlization, 14 October 2010 Online


United Nations: 

Framework Convention on Climate Change (see especially Articles 1(8), 3(1), 3(3), 4(1)(d)), 1992 Online

General Assembly: Oceans and the law of the sea, 14 March 2008 Online

General Assembly: Oceans and the law of the sea, 19 November 2010 Online


United Nations Economic Commission for Europe:

Protocol on Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30 Per Cent, 1985 Online

Protocol on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions, 1994 Online

 

 

-top of page-


Meridians image is in the public domain. Kenyan woman image by Oxfam. Globe image by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.