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The University of Montana Style Guide

E

each other, one another "Each other" refers to two people or things, "one another" to more than two.

earn, receive You earn a degree at a school and receive a degree from a school.

Edgar Paxson Gallery Paxson Gallery is acceptable on first reference for the second gallery of the Montana Museum of Art & Culture, located in the Performing Arts and Radio/Television Center.

Education Building now the Phyllis J. Washington Education Center. On second reference, the Washington Education Center or the education center.

effect See affect, effect entry.

e.g. Spell out. "For example" or "for instance." Do not confuse with i.e., which means "that is."

either Don't use "either" to mean "both." Right: The students marched down both sides of the street. Wrong: The students marched down either side of the street.

ellipsis See Appendix A.

email

emeritus, emeriti Use emeritus after a person's formal title, and capitalize when used before a name: Professor Emeritus Ian Lange. But: Ian Lange, professor emeritus. Emeriti is plural: The faculty emeriti share an office.

Emma B. Lommasson Center Lommasson Center is acceptable on first reference for the building formerly called the Lodge.

enhance An overused word that "improve" or "increase" will usually replace nicely.

ensure, insure, assure "Ensure" means guarantee: The police guarded the building to ensure the workers' safety. "Insure" refers to insurance: He decided to insure himself for $2 million the day he boarded the flight. "Assure" means to make a person sure of something. It always takes a person for its object. I assure you I will be on time.

Ephron Student Lounge Located in the Davidson Honors College.

EPSCoR Acceptable on first reference for Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.

essential, nonessential clause (same as restrictive, nonrestrictive) An essential clause can't be omitted without changing the meaning of a sentence, so it shouldn't be set off with commas. Any clause introduced with "that" is an essential clause and uses no comma. Right:The bus that stops in front of my house is always late. Wrong: The bus, that stops in front of my house, is always late. Although it isn't wrong for "which" to introduce an essential clause, that usage is considered more formal and academic: The bus which stops in front of my house is always late.

"Who" or "whom" also may introduce an essential clause: The woman who does the laundry comes at 9 a.m. The people whom you asked to dinner called to accept.

A nonessential clause can be left out without changing the basic meaning of the sentence, so it should be set off with commas. The words "which" or "who" often introduce nonessential clauses: The tree, which lost five limbs in the storm, had to be cut down. The woman, who refused to reveal her name, disappeared into the alley.

essential, nonessential phrase (same as restrictive, nonrestrictive) A phrase is a group of words that lack a subject and a verb and so will not be introduced by such words as "that," "who," "whom" and "which." The rules for using or not using commas apply as with essential and nonessential clauses, discussed in the preceding entry.

etc. Avoid. Instead, spell out exactly what you mean. Right: Be sure to take sweaters, long underwear and hats on the trip. Avoid: Take along sweaters, hats, etc.

events Capitalize formal names: UM Days, Homecoming, Charter Day, Family Weekend.

every day, everyday Use "every day" as an adverb: He jogged every day. Use "everyday" as an adjective: For her, jogging is an everyday activity.

every one, everyone Two words when you mean each item: Every one of the pieces fit. One word when used as a pronoun meaning all people. "Everyone" takes a singular verb and pronoun: Everyone likes to work here. Everyone should finish her work before 5 p.m. Wrong: Everyone should finish their work before 5 p.m.

exclamation point Avoid. See Appendix A.

expect See anticipate, expect entry