Accessible Navigation.

University of Montana Style Guide

L

lady Don't use to mean "woman."

Lady Griz Acceptable on first reference for the women's basketball team at UM. See MontanaMontana Soccer and Montana Volleyball entries.

last, past Use "last" to refer to something that won't happen again or hasn't recurred: I took the last train to Seattle that night. The last time I saw Mariah was in 2003. Use "past" to refer to something that might continue: He's gone to school here the past two years.

lay See lie, lay entry.

led Past tense of the verb "to lead."

legislative titles On first reference, use "Rep.," "Reps.," "Sen." and "Sens." before one or more names in regular text: Rep. Denny Rehberg, Sens. Max Baucus and John Tester, ASUM Sen. Jane Doe. Spell out and capitalize these titles before one or more names in direct quotations.

Spell out and lowercase "representative" and "senator" when they stand alone.

Add "state" or " U.S. " before a person's title only if necessary for clarity: U.S. Sen. Jon Tester spoke with state Sen. Jesse Laslovich.

Drop legislative titles on second reference except in direct quotations.

legislature Capitalize when preceded by a state's name or the word "state" when referring to a specific state's legislature: the Montana Legislature, state Legislature. Retain capitalization when the state's name is dropped but the reference to that state's legislature is clear: the Legislature.

less See fewer, less entry.

lie, lay "Lie" means recline and doesn't take a direct object: Right: I decided to lie down for a few hours. Wrong: He wanted to lay in the sun to get a tan. The present participle is "lying": I'm lying down. The past tense is "lay": I lay down for an hour yesterday afternoon. The past participle is "lain": I had lain down one minute before the phone rang.

"Lay" means put or place and requires a direct object: Lay the book (direct object) down here, please. The present participle is "laying": Stop laying the blame on me. The past tense is "laid": I laid the plastic sheet over the garden plot. The past participle also is "laid": He should have laid the wrench where he could find it later.

like- Use a hyphen when the word is used as a prefix meaning similar to: like-minded, like-natured. No hyphen with words that have their own meaning: likewise, likelihood.

-like No hyphen except to avoid a triple "l": shell-like.

Lommasson Center Acceptable on first reference for the Emma B. Lommasson Center.

long-term

longtime

-long Examples: daylong, hourlong, weeklong, yearlong.

lowercase The absence of capital (uppercase) letters.

Lubrecht Experimental Forest UM's 28,000 acre outdoor classroom and laboratory located 30 miles northeast of Missoula in the Blackfoot River drainage. The Montana Forest and Conservation Experiment Station of UM owns and operates 21,000 acres of the forest. The remainder is under the jurisdiction of the Montana Department of Natural Resources and Conservation and is managed cooperatively with the experiment station.