Babies and Toddlers
Developmental milestones are the behavioral or physical checkpoints used to assess development as children grow, such as taking their first steps or moving from using their hands to feed themselves to the ability to hold eating utensils on their own. Learning about milestones can empower families to understand how their child is developing and support new skill development.
Remember, each child is unique, and slowed development and refinement of milestones are not a cause for immediate alarm. Some children, especially those born prematurely, will not reach milestones on a traditional timeline. If a child misses multiple milestones in a row or the family is concerned, always refer the family to a health care provider.
Developmental Milestones. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention provides printable milestone trackers, quizzes, videos, and other resources to track child development.
Does My Child Have Developmental Delays? An interactive tool from the American Academy of Pediatrics to explore child development.
Resources on how play connects to learning. The National Association for the Education of Young Children explains the science behind babies' play and provides families with easy ways to engage their child in play.
CDC's Milestone Tracker App. The Center for Disease Control developed this free comprehensive app to track your child from age two months to 5 years.
Additional e-Learning courses
Why the First 2,000 Days are So Important. University of Washington's Institute for Learning and Brain Science module on brain development during the first five years.
Developmental Milestones: Birth to 5 years. One-page printout covering universal developmental milestones in the areas of gross motor, fine motor, communication, and cognitive development.
Concerned about Development? How to Get Help for Your Child. CDC factsheet.
Dr. Lisa Shulman discusses communication milestones to look for in a developing child.
Dr. Jennifer Shu discusses warning signs that a child may be missing a developmental milestone and next steps.
It is important for parents to teach good personal habits to young children. Proper hand washing and hygiene prevents the spread of germs and promotes good health. Many parents are tempted to perform hygiene tasks on behalf of the child, however, many personal hygiene habits are skills that children can and should be doing for themselves.
Staying Healthy. Sesame Street created a resource library with coloring sheets, short videos, and activities to help children build a healthy hygiene routine.
Potty Training - How to get the job done. The Mayo Clinic covers how to know when it's time to begin potty training and tips for success.
Daily Personal Hygiene. One-page printable overview of daily hygiene for children ages 1 to 8.
Toilet Training. Children's Hospital of Wisconsin provides a two-page handout on tips for potty training.
Toilet training guidelines: Day Care Providers - The role of the daycare provider in toilet training. The American Academy of Pediatrics discusses how to know when a child is ready to start potty training and the collaboration between family and child care providers.
Constipation in Toddlers. Infant and Toddler Forum compiled information about constipation and challenges with potty training toddlers.
Bathroom routine is a sing-along video covering a basic daily hygiene routine.
Sci Kids Show explores the anatomy of teeth and the importance of oral hygiene.
Best Beginnings shares about the importance of hand-washing for all ages.
Body safety conversations can start when children are in infancy with conversations around anatomy. And as infants age into toddlers, we can teach them about consent by modeling asking before touching and hugging other people. Teaching kids about consent and safe vs. unsafe touching from an early age will protect them throughout life.
How to Talk to Young Children about Body Safety. Kids First Inc provides important body safety facts and myths.
Empowering Kids to Stay Safe. Hey, Sigmund highlights ten body safety skills to teach children.
Sexual Behaviors in Young Children: What's Normal, What's Not? Healthy Children's review of normal to problematic sexual behaviors in children under six years old.
Identifying Child Sexual Abuse. Darkness to Light shares common emotional and physical signs of child sexual abuse children exhibit.
Grooming and Red Flag Behaviors. Darkness to Light overviews warning signs offenders use to groom children for sexual abuse.
Rape Victim Advocates review how to reduce the risk of sexual abuse by teaching small children consent.
Most infants and children will experience challenges in getting and maintaining sleep throughout their development. Although sleep challenges are normal, it is important to help children overcome these challenges so that they can establish a healthy sleep pattern. It is also critical to recognize the warning signs of when sleep disturbances could indicate health or trauma concerns and when it is time to seek out professional support.
What is a safe sleep environment? Montana's Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies provides an overview of sleep techniques.
Preschool and Toddler Sleep. Cleveland Clinic provides information about sleep changes that occur between toddlers and preschool.
Overcoming Sleep Problems in Children with Down Syndrome. Down Syndrome Education International provides suggestions for how a bedtime routine can support a reduction in behavioral problems in children with down syndrome.
Night Terrors. KidsHealth provides information about what night terrors are, signs a child may be experiencing night terrors, and why they happen.
What Does a Safe Sleep Environment Look Like? The National Institute of Health provides an overview of risk reduction tips for safe baby sleep.
7 Tips for a Good Night's Sleep. Better Beginnings Arkansas provides seven tips for setting a toddler up for a successful night's rest.
Sleeping Challenges: Why it Happens, What to Do. Zero to Three how to address children's sleeping problems.
What are the Sleep Needs of an Infant? Columbia University Department of Neurology outlines the hours of sleep an infant needs by age and tips for developing a good sleep routine for infants.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) reviews tips to avoid suffocation, strangulation, and entrapment risks in the sleep environment.
Sesame Street provides tips and tricks for supporting the development of good sleep patterns.