When modifications are not provided

The University provides reasonable modifications unless they consist of one of the following three categories:

Fundamental Alteration
If a modification reduces the academic standards of the University, its schools, departments, or its courses, the University denies the modification as unreasonable. Academic standards are essential for all students. It is unreasonable to alter these fundamental standards as a modification for a student with a disability.

Undue Hardship
The University denies the modification if it requires significant expenses or is impossible to administer. An undue financial burden applies to the University as a whole. Therefore, the president of the university, not a department, school, or college, can determine undue financial hardship. An undue administrative burden occurs when the University does not have enough time to respond to the request, or when the administration of it would be impossible or infeasible. In every instance, the University reserves the right to offer another, equally effective modification.

Personal Service
If a request for a modification falls under the definition of a personal service, the University denies the request as unreasonable. Personal services are those that a person with a disability must use regardless of attendance at the University. In addition, personal services are those for which no correlation between the disability's functional limitation and program access can be established. The University, for instance, does not purchase wheelchairs or other assistive technologies used in every setting to compensate for a mobility impairment. Other examples of personal services may include independent living, mental health, rehabilitation, remediation, and tutoring.