-- philosophical, specifically ethical, papers related to geoengineering --  

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Adger, W. N. (2006). Fairness in adaptation to climate change. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Allenby, B. (2012). A critique of geoengineering. Potentials, IEEE, 31(1), 22-26.

Amsler, S. S. (2010). Bringing hope ‘to crisis’: Crisis thinking, ethical action and social change. In S. Skrimshire (Ed.), Future Ethics: Climate Change and Apocalyptic Imagination (pp. 129-152). New York, NY: Continuum.

Asilomar Scientific Organizing Committee. (2010). The Asilomar Conference Recommendations on Principles for Research into Climate Engineering Techniques. Washington DC, Climate Institute.

Attfield, R. (2003). Global warming, justice and future generations. Philosophy of Management 3(1), 17-23.


Barione, D. & Ripert, J. (1994). Exercising Common but Differentiated Responsibility. In I. M. Mitzner & J.A. Leonard (Eds.), Negotiating Climate Change: The inside Story of the Rio Convention. Cambridge, England : Cambridge University Press.

Bertrand, V. (2002). Governing for the environment: Global problems, ethics, and democracy. Ethics and International Affairs 16, 164-68.

Baum, S. (2014). The great downside dilemma for risky emerging technologies. Physica Scripta 89, 128004 [Online]

Betz, G. (2012). The case for climate engineering research: An analysis of the “arm the future” argument.Climatic Change 111(2), 473-485.

Betz, G. & Cacean, S. (2011). The moral controversy about climate engineering – an argument map (version 2011-02-24). Karlsruhe, Germany: Karlsruhe Institute for Technology. [Online]

Bodansky, D. (1996). May we engineer the climate?. Climatic Change, 33(3), 309-321.

Bodansky, D. (2012). The who, what, and wherefore of geoengineering governance. Climatic Change, 1-13.

Borgmann, A. (2011). Science, ethics, and technology and the challenge of global warming. In D. Scott and B. Francis (Eds.), Debating Science: Deliberation, Values, and the Common Good (pp. 169-177). Amherst, NY: Humanity Books.  

Borgmann, A. (2012).  The Setting of the Scene: Technological Fixes and the Design of the Good Life.  In Christopher J. Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp.189-199).  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Boucher, O. et al. (2013). Rethinking climate engineering categorization in the context of climate change mitigation and adaptation.  WIRES Climate Change 5:23–35.  doi:10.1002/wcc.261 [online]

Bronson, D. (2009). Geoengineering: A Gender Issue? Women in Action, 2: 83-87.

Brown, D. (2001). The ethical dimensions of global environmental issues. Daedalus 130, 59-77.

Brown, D. (2002). American heat: Ethical problems with the United States' response to global warming. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Buck, Holly Jean. (2012). Geoengineering: Re‐making Climate for Profit or Humanitarian Intervention?. Development and Change, 43(1), 253-270.

Buck, Holly Jean. (2012). Climate Remediation to Address Social Development Challenges: Going Beyond Cost Benefit and Risk Approaches to Assessing Solar Radiation Management.  In Christopher J. Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp. 133-148). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Buck, Holly Jean, Andrea R. Gammon, and Christopher J. Preston. (2014). Geoengineering and Gender Hypatia 29(3), 651-669.

Bunzl, M. (2008). An ethical assessment of geoengineering. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 64(2), 18

Bunzl, M. (2009). Geoengineering research: Shouldn’t or couldn’t?. Environmental Research Letters, 4, 1-3.

Bunzl, M. (2009). Researching geoengineering: Should not or could not? Environmental Research Letters, 4, 1-3.

Bunzl, M. (2011). Geoengineering harms and compensation. Stanford Journal of Law, Science & Policy, 4, 70-76.

Burns, W. C. G. (2011). Climate geoengineering: Solar radiation management and its implications for intergenerational equity. Stanford Journal of Law, Science & Policy, May, 38-55. [Online]

Burns, W. (2012). Geoengineering the Climate: An Overview of Solar Radiation Management Options. Tulsa Law Review, 46(2), 283-304.


Cairns R. (2014).  Climate engineering: Issues of Path-dependence and socio-technical lock-in.  WIRES Climate Change [online]

Cairns R, Stirling A. (2014).  Maintaining planetary systems’ or ‘concentrating global power?’ High stakes in contending framings of climate geoengineering.  Global Environmental Change 28:25-38.

Caney, S. (2010). Climate change, human rights, and moral thresholds. In S. Gardner, S.

Caney, S., Jamieson D., & Shue H. (Eds.), Climate Ethics (pp. 163-177). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Carr, Wylie, Mercer A., and Palmer, C. (2012).  Public Concerns about the Ethics of Solar Radiation Management. In Christopher J. Preston (Ed.), Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp. 169-186).  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Carr, Wylie, Preston, C. J., Yung, L., Szerszynski, B., Keith, D. W., & Mercer, A. M. (2013). Public engagement on solar radiation management and why it needs to happen now. Climatic Change, 121(3), 567–577. doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0763-y

Carr, Wylie, Yung, L., Preston, C. (2014).  Swimming Upstream: Engaging the American Public Early on Climate Engineering. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 70(3): 38-48. doi: 10.1177/0096340214531180

Clingerman, F. (2014), Geoengineering, Theology, and the Meaning of Being Human. Zygon, 49: 6–21.

Clingerman, Forrest. (2012). Between Babel and Pelagius: Religion, Theology, and Geoengineering. In Christopher J. Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp. 201-219).  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Contestabile, M. (2014): Psychology: Geoengineering views. Nature Climate change 4(7): 533. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2296.

Corner, A. & N. Pidgeon. (2010). Geoengineering the Climate: The Social and Ethical Implications Environment, 52(1), 24-37.

Corner, A, Pidgeon, and K. Parkhill. (2012). Perceptions of Geoengineering: public attitudes, stakeholder perspectives, and the challenge of ‘upstream’ engagement.  WIRES Climate Change 3:451–466. doi: 10.1002/wcc.176 [online]

Crist, E. (2013). On the Poverty of Our Nomenclature.  Environmental Humanities, 3: 129-147.

Crutzen, P. J. (2006). Albedo enhancement by stratospheric sulfur injections: A contribution to resolve a policy dilemma?. Climatic change, 77(3): 211-220.

Crutzen, P. J., and E. F. Stoermer (2000). "The 'Anthropocene'". Global Change Newsletter 41: 17–18.

Cummins, Neil Paul. (2010).  Is the Human Species Special: Why Human-Induced Global Warming Could Be in the Interests of Life.  New York: Cranmore Publications.

Cuomo, C. (2011). Climate change, vulnerability, and responsibility. Hypatia, 26, 690-714.

Curvelo, P. (2012). Exploring the ethics of geoengineering through images. The International Journal of the Image, 2(2), 177–198 [Online].


Davies, Gareth. (2013).  The psychological costs of geoengineering: Why it may be hard to accept even if it works.  In W. Burns and A. Strauss (Eds.) Climate change geoengineering: Philosophical perspectives, legal issues, and governance frameworks (pp. 59-79). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Dembe, A. E. & Boden, L. I. (2000). Moral hazard: A question of morality?. New Solutions, 10(3), 257-279.

Dilling, L., & Hauser, R. (2013). Governing geoengineering research: why, when and how?. Climatic Change, 1-13.

Donner, S. D. (2007). Domain of the gods: An editorial essay. Climatic Change, 85, 231-236. [Online]


Elliott, K. (2010). Geoengineering and the precautionary principle. International Journal of Applied Philosophy, 24(2), 237-253.

Elliot, R. (1982). Faking nature. Inquiry, 25(1), 81-93.

Elliot, R. (2002). Faking nature: the ethics of environmental restoration. Routledge.

ETC Group. (2010). Geopiracy : The Case Against Geoengineering.  Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration (ETC Group).  Communiqué 103.


Galarraga, Maialen and Bronislaw Szerszynski. (2012).  Making Climates: Solar Radiation Management and the Ethics of Fabrication.  In Christopher J. Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp. 221-235).  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Gardiner, S. M. (2001). The real tragedy of the commons. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 30, 387-416.

Gardiner, S. M. (2003). The pure intergenerational problem. The Monist, 86(3), 481-500.

Gardiner, S. M. (2004). Ethics and global climate change. Ethics, 114(3), 555-600.

Gardiner, S. M. (2006). A core precautionary principle. The Journal of Political Philosophy, 14(1), 33-60.

Gardiner, S. M. (2006). A perfect moral storm: Climate change, intergenerational ethics and the problem of corruption. Environmental Values, 15(3), 397-413.

Gardiner, S. M. (2009). A contract on future generations?. In A. Gosseries & L. Meyer (Eds.), Intergenerational Justice (pp. 77-118). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gardiner, S. M. (2009). Saved by disaster? Abrupt climate change, political inertia, and the possibility of an intergenerational arms race. Journal of Social Philosophy, 40, 140-162.

Gardiner, Stephen M. (2011).  Some Early Ethics of Geoengineering the Climate: A Commentary on the Values of the Royal Society Report.  Environmental Values, 20, 163-188.

Gardiner, Stephen M. (2010). Ethics and Climate Change: An Introduction.  Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 1(1), 54-66.

Gardiner, S. M. (2010). Is “arming the future” with geoengineering really the lesser evil?: Some doubts about the ethics of intentionally manipulating the climate system. In S. Gardiner, S. Caney, D. Jamieson, & H. Shue (Eds.), Climate Ethics: Essential Readings (pp. 284-312). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gardiner, S. M. (2011). A perfect moral storm: The ethical tragedy of climate change. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Gardiner, S. M. (2011). Some early ethics of geoengineering the climate: A commentary on the values of the Royal Society report. Environmental Values, 20(2), 163-188.

Gardiner, S. M. (2012). Human rights in a hostile climate. Human Rights: The Hard Questions, forthcoming. [Online]

Gardiner, S.M. (2012).  Are we the scum of the earth? Climate change, geoengineering, and humanity’s challenge. In A. Thompson and J. Bendick-Keymer Ethical adaptation to climate change: Human virtues of the future (pps. 241-360).  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Gardiner, S. M. (2013). The Desperation Argument for Geoengineering. PS: Political Science and Politics, 46(28-33). [Online]  

Gardiner, S. M. (2013).  Geoengineering and Moral Schizophrenia: What is the Question? In W. Burns and A. Strauss (Eds.) Climate change geoengineering: Philosophical perspectives, legal issues, and governance frameworks (pp. 11-38). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gardiner, S. M., & Intriago, A. R. (2013). Geoengineering as self-defence. The Philosophers' Magazine, (60), 17-18.

Gordijn, B. & ten Have, H. (2012). Ethics of mitigation, adaptation, and geoengineering. Medical Health Care and Philosophy, 15(1), 1-2. [Online]


Haqq-Misra, J. (2012). An ecological compass for planetary engineering. Astrobiology 12(10), 985–997. [Online]

Hale, B. (2009). What's so moral about the moral hazard?. Public Affairs Quarterly, 23(1), 1-26.

Hale, B. (2009). You say 'solution,' I say 'pollution': Ocean fertilization is a fishy solution to a whale of a problem. Science Progress. [Online]

Hale, B., & Dilling, L. (2011). Geoengineering, ocean fertilization, and the problem of permissible pollution. Science, Technology & Human Values, 36(2), 190-212. [Online]

Hale, B. (2011). Getting the bad out: Remediation technologies and respect for others. In J. K. Cambell, M. O'Rourke, & M. Slater (Eds.), The Environment: Topics in Contemporary Philosophy, Vol. 9 (pp. 223-243) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Hale, B. (2012).  The World That Would Have Been: Moral Hazard Arguments Against Geoengineering.  In Christopher J. Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp. 113-132).  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Hale, B. (2013). Remediation vs. Steering: An Act—Description Approach to Approving and Funding Geoengineering Research. In Sandler R., and Basl J. Designer Biology: The Ethics of Intensively Engineering Biological and Ecological Systems (pp. 195-217).  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Hale, B., and Grundy, W.P. (2009). Remediation and respect: Do remediation technologies alter our responsibility? Environmental Values, 18, 397-415.

Hamilton, C. (2011). The ethical foundations of climate engineering. In W. Burns and A. Strauss (Eds.) Climate change geoengineering: Philosophical perspectives, legal issues, and governance frameworks (pp. 39-58). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Hamilton, C. (2011). The return of Dr. Strangelove: The politics of climate engineering as a response to global warming. Personal website of the author. [Online]

Hamilton, C. (2011, September). Ethical anxieties about geoengineering: Moral hazard, slippery slope, and playing god. Paper presented at Australian Academy of Science Conference: Geoengineering the Climate? A Southern Hemisphere Perspective, Canberra, Australia. [Online]

Hamilton, C. (2011, December 5). The clique that is trying to frame the global geoengineering debate. The Guardian. [Online]

Hamilton, C. (2013). Earthmasters. Playing God with the climate. Crow's Nest, NSW Australia: Allen & Unwin Publishers.

Harris, J. A., Hobbs, R. J., Higgs, E., & Aronson, J. (2006). Ecological restoration and global climate change. Restoration Ecology, 14(2), 170-176.

Hartzell-Nichols, Lauren. (2012). Precaution and Solar Radiation Management. Ethics, Policy & Environment, 15(2), 158-171.

Heyd, D. (2009). A value or an obligation?: Rawls on justice to future generations. In A. Gosseries & L. Meyer (Eds.), Intergenerational Justice (pp. 167-188). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Heyward, C. (2013). Situating and abandoning geoengineering: A typology of five responses to dangerous climate change. PS: Political Science & Politics, 46, (23-27). [Online]

Heyward, C. (2014). Benefitting from climate geoengineering and corresponding remedial duties: The case of unforeseeable harms. Journal of Applied Philosophy (forthcoming) doi: 10.1111/japp.12075

Hourdequin, M. (2015). The Ethics of Geoengineering. The Philosopher's Magazine, 71, 44-50.

Hourdequin, M. (2012). Geoengineering, Solidarity, and Moral Risk.  In C. Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp. 15-32). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Hulme, M. (2014). Can science fix climate change?: A case against climate engineering.  Cambridge, Polity.

Hulme, M. (2012). Climate change: Climate engineering through stratospheric aerosol injection. Progress in Physical Geography, 36(5), 694–705. [Online]

Humphreys, D. (2011). Smoke and mirrors: Some reflections on the science and politics of geoengineering. The Journal of Environment & Development, 20(2), 99-120.


Jamieson, D. (1992). Ethics, public policy, and global warming. Science, Technology, & Human Values, 17(2), 139-153.

Jamieson, D. (1996). Ethics and intentional climate change. Climatic Change, 33(3), 323-336. [Online]

Jamieson, D. (2005). Adaptation, mitigation, and justice. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong & R.B. Howarth (Eds.), Perspectives on Climate Change: Science, Economics, Politics, Ethics, Vol. 5: Advances in the Economics of Environmental Resources (pp. 217-248). London, England: Elsevier Ltd.

Jamieson, D. (2010, September). Can space reflectors save us? Why we shouldn't buy into geoengineering fantasies. Slate. [Online]

Johnson, B. (2003). Ethical obligations in a tragedy of the commons. Environmental Values, 12, 271-287.

Jones, I. S., & Young, H. E. (2009). The potential of the ocean for the management of global warming. International Journal of Global Warming, 1(1), 43-56.

Joronen, Sanna, Markku Oksanen, and Timo Vuorisalo. (2011).  Towards Weather Ethics: From Chance to Choice with Weather Modification Ethics, Policy, & Environment, 14 (1), 55-67. 


Kahan, D. (2010). Fixing the communications failure. Nature, 463(7279), 296-297.

Katz, E. (1992). The call of the wild: The struggle for domination and the technological fix of nature. Environmental Ethics, 14(3), 265-273.

Katz, E. (2009). The big lie: human restoration of nature. Readings in the Philosophy of Technology, 443.

Keith, D. (2000). The Earth is Not Yet an Artifact. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 19, 25-28.

Keith, D. W. (2000). Geoengineering the Climate: History and Prospect. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 25(1), 245-284.

Keith, D. (2013).  A Case for Climate Engineering. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Keith, D. W., Parson, E., & Morgan, M. G. (2010). Research on global sun block needed now. Nature, 463(7280), 426-427.

Kempton, W., Boster, J. S., & Hartley, J. A. (1995). Environmental values in American culture. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kiehl, J. T. (2006). Geoengineering climate Change: Treating the symptom over the cause?. Climatic Change, 77(3), 227-228.

Kumar, R. (2009). Wronging future people: A contractualist proposal. In A. Gosseries &  L.Meyer (Eds.), Intergenerational Justice (pp. 251-272). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 


Lane, Lee. (2013). Climate engineering and the anthropocene era.  In W. Burns and A. Strauss (Eds.) Climate change geoengineering: Philosophical perspectives, legal issues, and governance frameworks (pp. 115-145). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Lawrence, M. G. (2006). The geoengineering dilemma: To speak or not to speak. Climatic Change, 77(3), 245-248.

Leal-Arcas, R. & Filis, A. (2012). Geoengineering a future for humankind: Some technical and ethical considerations. Carbon and Climate Law Review, 6(2), 128-148. [Online].

Lee, K. (1999). The natural and the artefactual: The implications of deep science and deep technology for environmental philosophy. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Levene, M. (2010). The apocalyptic as contemporary dialectic: From Thanatos (violence) to Eros (transformation). In S. Skrimshire (Ed.), Future Ethics: Climate Change and Apocalyptic Imagination (pp. 59-80). New York, NY: Continuum.

Liao, S. Matthew, Anders Sandberg & Rebecca Roache. (2012). Human Engineering and Climate Change. Ethics, Policy & Environment, 15(2): 206-221.

Lin, A. (2013). Does geoengineering present a moral hazard? Ecology Law Quarterly 40, 673-712. [Online]

Long, J., J. Shepard. (2014).  The strategic value of geoengineering research. Global Environmental Change: Handbook of global environmental pollution, 1, 757-770.

Lovelock, J. (2008). A geophysiologist's thoughts on geoengineering.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 366(1882), 3883-3890.


Maddox, J. (1990). Can mirrors beat the greenhouse?. Nature, 346, 311.

Marland, G. (1996). Could we/should we engineer the Earth's climate?. Climatic Change, 33(3), 275-278.

Markusson, N. et al. (2013). In case of emergency press here’: framing geoengineering as a response to dangerous climate change.  WIRES Climate Change 5:281–290. doi: 10.1002/wcc.263 [online]

Mathew, David. (2012). Arguing against the Real? Ethics, Policy & Environment, 15(2), 225-226.

May, L. (2007). The international community, solidarity, and the duty to aid. Journal of Social Philosophy, 38,185-203.

McKibben, B. (1989). The end of nature. New York, NY: Random House.

Meyer, K. & Uhle, C. (2015). Geoengineering and the accusation of hubris.  THESys Discussion Paper, No. 2015-3. Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany, 1-15.

Michaelson, J. (1998). Geoengineering: a climate change Manhattan project. Stanford Environmental Law Journal, 17(73).

Minteer, B. A. (2012) Geoengineering and ecological ethics in the anthropocene. BioScience 62(10), 857–858. [Online]

Morrow, D. R. (2014). Starting a Flood to Stop a Fire: Some Moral Contraints on Solar Radiation Management. Ethics, Policy & Environment, 17(2), 123-138.

Morrow, D. R. (2014). Ethical aspects of the mitigation obstruction argument against climate engineering research.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 372(2031)20140062 [online]

Morrow, D. R., Kopp, R. E., & Oppenheimer, M. (2009). Toward ethical norms and institutions for climate engineering research. Environmental Research Letters 4(4), 045106.


Nerlich, B., & Jaspal, R. (2012). Metaphors we die by? Geoengineering, metaphors, and the argument from catastrophe. Metaphor and Symbol, 27(2), 131-147.

Nisbet, M. C. (2009). Communicating climate change: Why frames matter for public engagement. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, 51(2), 12-23.

Nolt, J. (2011). Greenhouse gas emission and the domination of posterity. In D. Arnold (Ed.), The Ethics of Global Climate Change (pp. 60-76). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Nolt, J. (2011). Nonanthropocentric climate ethics. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, 2(5), 701-711.

Northcott, M. (2007). A moral climate: The ethics of global warming. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis.


Olson, R. L. (2012).  Soft Geoengineering: A Gentler Approach to Addressing Climate Change Environment, 54(5), 29-39.

Ott, K. (2004). Essential components of future ethics. In R. Döring & M. Rühs (Eds.), Ökonomische Rationalität und praktische Vernunft (pp. 83-108). Würzburg, Germany: Königshausen & Neumann.

Ott, K. (2008). Ethical foundations of climate change policies. In S. Bergmann & D. Gerthen (Eds.), Religion and Dangerous Environmental Change (pp. 195-204). Münster, Germany, LIT Publishers.

Ott, K. (2012).  Might Solar Radiation Management Constitute a Dilemma? In Christopher J. Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp. 33-42). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Owen, R. (2011). Legitimate conditions for climate engineering. Environmental science & technology, 45(21), 9116-9117.


Palmer, C. (2011). Does nature matter? The place of the non-human in the ethics of climate change. In D. G. Arnold (Ed.), The Ethics of Global Climate Change (pp. 272-291). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Parkhill, K., & Pidgeon, N. (2011). Public engagement on geoengineering research: Preliminary report on the SPICE deliberative workshops. Understanding Risk Working (2011–11), 29.

Parson, E. A., & Keith, D. W. (2013). End the Deadlock on Governance of Geoengineering Research. Science, 339(6125), 1278-1279.

Pidgeon, N., Corner, A., Parkhill, K., Spence, A., Butler, C., & Poortinga, W. (2012). Exploring early public responses to geoengineering. Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences, 370 (1974): 4176–96. doi:10.1098/rsta.2012.0099

Polborn, S., & Tintelnot, F. (2009). How geoengineering may encourage carbon dioxide abatement. Center for Research on International Financial and Energy Security. http://crifes.

Posner, E. A. & Weisbach, D. (2010). Climate change justice. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Preston, Christopher J. (2011). Re-thinking the unthinkable: Environmental ethics and the presumptive argument against geoengineering. Environmental Values, 20(4), 457-479.

Preston, Christopher J. (2012).  Beyond the End of Nature: SRM and Two Tales of Artificity for the Anthropocene.  Ethics, Policy & Environment,15(2), 188-201.

Preston, Christopher J. (2012). Ethics and geoengineering: Reviewing the moral issues raised by solar radiation management and carbon dioxide removal. WIREs Climate Change. [Online]

Preston, Christopher J. (2012). Solar Radiation Management and Vulnerable Populations: The Moral Deficit and its Prospects. In Christopher J Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp. 77-94).  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Preston, Christopher J. (Ed.) (2012). Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Preston, Christopher J.  (2013).  Moral Turbulence and Geoengineering: A Lingering Hazard from the Perfect Moral Storm.  Philosophy and Public Issues (New Series), 3 (1), 25-35.

Preston, Christopher J. (2014).  Framing an Ethics of Climate Management for the Anthropocene.  Climatic Change (June 26) [Online]. doi: 10.1007/s10584-014-1182-4

Preston, Christopher J. (2016). Climate Engineering and the Cessation Requirement: The Ethics of a Life-Cycle. Environmental Values 25, 91–10


Ralston, S. J. (2009). Engineering an artful and ethical solution to the problem of global warming. Review of Policy Research, 26, 821-837.

Rayner, S., C. Heyward, T. Kruger, N. Pidgeon, C. Redgwell, J. Savulescu.  (2013). The Oxford Principles for Geoengineering Governance. Climatic Change (online first)

Reynolds, J. (2014).  A critical examination of the climate engineering moral hazard and risk compensation concern.  The Anthropocene Review (online first)

Robb, C. (2010). Wind, sun, soil, spirit: Biblical ethics and climate change. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.

Robock, Alan. (2008). 20 reasons why geoengineering may be a bad idea.  Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.

Robock, A. (2012). Is geoengineering research ethical?. Sicherheit und Frieden, 2012:4

Robock, A. (2012). Will Geoengineering with Solar Radiation Management Ever Be Used? Ethics, Policy & Environment, 15(2), 202-205.


Sandler, Ronald (2012).  Global warming and virtues of ecological restoration. In A. Thompson and J. Bendick-Keymer Ethical adaptation to climate change: Human virtues of the future (pps. 64-80).  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Sandler, R. (2012).  Solar Radiation Management and Nonhuman Species.  In Christopher J. Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp. 95-109). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Scheer, D, Renn, O. (2014): Public Perception of geoengineering and its consequences for public debate. Climatic Change. DOI 10.1007/s10584-014-1177-1.

Schneider, S. H. (1996). Geoengineering: could—or should—we do it?. Climatic Change, 33(3), 291-302.

Scott, Dane. (2012).  Insurance Policy or Technological Fix? The Ethical Implications of Framing Solar Radiation Management.  In Christopher J. Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management  (151-168).  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Scott, D. (2012) Geoengineering and Environmental Ethics. Nature Education Knowledge 3(10):10.

Smith, P.T. (2012).  Domination and the Ethics of solar Radiation Management. In Christopher J Preston (Ed.) Engineering the climate: The ethics of solar radiation management (pp. 43-61).  Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Steffen, W., P. J. Crutzen, and J.R. McNeill. (2007). The Anthropocene: Are Humans Now Overwhelming the Great Forces of Nature. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment 36 (8): 614-21.

Stilgoe, J. (2011). A question of intent. Nature Climate Change, 1(7), 325-326.

Suarez, P, van Aalst M, Blackstock JJ, Santillo D, Johnson P, Rayner S, Bronson D, Vivian C. (2010).  Geoengineering Quarterly: First Edition. Oxford Geoengineering Institute.

Suarez, P, Banerjee, B, & de Suarez, J. M. (2013). Geoengineering and the humanitarian challegenge: What role for the most vulnerable? Geoengineering Our Climate Working Paper and Opinion Article Series, 

Svoboda, T. et al. (2011). Sulfate Aerosol Geoengineering: The Question of Justice. Public Affairs Quarterly, 25, 157-180.

Svoboda, T. (2012).  The Ethics of Geoengineering: Moral Considerability and the Convergence Hypothesis.  Journal of Applied Philosophy, 29 (3): 243-256.

Svoboda, T. (2012). Is aerosol geoengineering ethically preferable to other climate change strategies? Ethics and the Environment, 17(2). 111-135.

Svoboda, T. and Irwin, P. (2014) Ethical and Technical Challenges in Compensating for Harm Due to Solar Radiation Management Geoengineering. Ethics, Policy, and Environment, 17 (2): 157-174.


Taddei, R. (2012). The Politics of Uncertainty and the Fate of Forecasters.  Ethics, Policy & Environment, 15(2), 252-267.

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