Aviary, Parasite Control

Last Updated: August 14, 2015


Purpose/Scope

The purpose of this Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) is to outline the animal care requirements associated with parasite control for the birds housed within the outdoor aviaries at the Research Field Station at Fort Missoula.

Policy

It is LAR policy to meet or exceed all federal, state, and local regulations and guidelines and to comply with all institutional policies and procedures as they apply to the use of animals in research.  Personnel must attend any applicable training in animal care and use, occupational health and safety, equipment operation, and SOPs prior to performing activities outlined in this SOP or work under the direct supervision of trained aviary personnel.

Outdoor Aviary Parasite Control Plan

Birds housed in the outdoor aviaries are potentially exposed to parasites carried by wild birds, mammalian pests (mice, voles, shrews, etc.) and insects. In addition, the dirt flooring lends itself to harbor parasitic eggs. Control of parasitic eggs in and on the ground is usually a fruitless endeavor as the ground is continually being contaminated by vectors beyond our control. Thus, a rotating schedule of parasiticides is to be implemented on a triennial basis. 

Month One:

  • Ivomec 1% (10mg/ml):  Mix 4 cc in 1 gallon (16 c)
  • This is to be the only water source for 3 days.
  • If bird lice (Phthiraptera) or bird mites (Demanyssus gallinae or Ornithonyssus sylviarum) are present repeat these dosing instructions in 10-14 days.

 Month Five:

  • Panacur 100 (100g/l Fenbendazole): Mix 0.5 ml/liter of water.
  • Use for 24 hours and replace with fresh water.

 Month Nine:

  • Equimax (1.8% Ivermectin, 14.03% praziquantel): Mix 2 ml Equimax/liter of water.
  • Mix fresh daily and use for 3 days.

 Repeat this cycle on a triennial basis. 

Indoor Aviary Parasite Control Plan

Birds housed in the indoor flight rooms should have very limited exposure to parasite vectors and de-worming should only be utilized in an as needed basis.

  • Finches: Mix 0.5 ml (Ivomec 1%) in 25 cc of alcohol; apply 1 drop to the nape of the neck under the feathers.
  • Diamond Doves: Using the mixture above; apply 2 drop to the nape of the neck under the feathers.

 After mixing the Ivomec 1%/Alcohol mixture - Store in a dark glass bottle or store in a dark cabinet. Label with the date mixed and date of expiration of the Ivomec 1%.