Michigan State Profile

The maps on this page explore the American Community Survey 5-year data (Table S1810) on disability by county.

The ACS does not directly measure disability. Instead, it uses a set of disability indicator questions related to difficulty and functional impairment to identify individuals who may experience a disability. If a respondent can answer “yes” to any disability question they are classified as having a disability.

 

Disability Rates: Michigan

map of MI showing disability rate by county. Text description on page.

This map of the state of Michigan shows general rates of disability by county. Disability rates are broken into four levels: 8.8 to 14.4%, 14.5 to 16.5%, 16.6 to 18.8%, and 18.9 to 26.4%.

The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between disability rates in urban compared to rural areas. Overall, there are higher rates of disability in rural counties than urban ones. Most of these counties are in the northern-half of the state and the Upper Peninsula. Of the five cities, Flint is located in a county with a disability rate of 16.6 to 18.8%, the third-highest category. The others are all in counties with the lowest rates, of 8.8 to 14.4%.

In the upper corner there is an inset map of the United States showing how overall general disability rates in Michigan compare to other states. Overall, disability rates in Michigan are in the second-highest category, which means Michigan has slight higher rates of disability than most other states.

Map produced September 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

Map of MI showing rates of disability among females. Text description on page.

This map of the state of Michigan shows disability rate among females by county. Rates are broken into four categories from 9.2 to 25.6%.

Overall, there are higher rates of females with disabilities in rural counties than in urban ones. The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Overall, there are higher rates in rural counties than urban ones, and all of the counties with the highest rates, of 17.7 to 25.6%, are in the northern-half of the state and the Upper Peninsula. Of the five cities, Flint is located in a county with a rate of 16.3 to 17.6%, the third-highest category. The others are all in counties with the lowest rates, of 9.2 to 14.2%.

Map produced September 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


Map of MI showing rates of disability among males. Text description on page.

This map of the state of Michigan shows disability rate among males by county. Rates are broken into four categories from 8.4 to 27.3%.

Overall, there are higher rates of males with disabilities in rural counties than in urban ones. The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Overall, there are higher rates in rural counties than urban ones. Most of these counties are in the northern-half of the state and the Upper Peninsula. Of the five cities, Flint is located in a county with a rate of 14.8 to 16.8%, the third-highest category. The others are all in counties with the lowest rates, of 8.4 to 14.7%.

Map produced September 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


This map explores the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data (Table S1810) on disability estimates.

The ACS asks a set of disability indicator questions to determine disability. If a respondent can answer “yes” to any disability question they are classified as having a disability. The data below are for ages 18 and over.


Map of MI showing rates of veterans with disability. Text description on page.

This map of the state of Michigan shows rates of disability among veterans aged 18 and older by county. Rates are broken into four categories: 24.2 to 29.9%, 30.0 to 32.1%, 32.3 to 35.7%, and 35.8 to 45.0%.  

The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Overall, there are higher rates of veterans with disabilities in rural counties than urban ones. All counties with the highest rates (35.8 to 45.0%) are in the northern half of the state, and are mostly rural counties. The lowest rates, of 24.2 to 29.9%, are found in the southern half of the state, in the counties around Grand Rapids and Ann Arbor. The counties surrounding Lansing, Flint, and Detroit have slightly higher rates, of 30.0 to 32.1%.

Map produced October 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

Map of MI showing rates of people with disabilities in poverty. Text description on page.

This map of the state of Michigan shows poverty rates among people with disabilities of all ages by county. Poverty rates are broken into four levels: 9.9 to 19.0%, 19.1 to 22.2%, 22.3 to 24.9%, and 25.0 to 30.6%.

Overall, there are higher rates of people with disabilities in poverty in rural counties than in urban ones. However, this is somewhat variable across the state.

The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Both Lansing and Flint are located in counties with rates of 25.0 to 30.6%, the highest levels. Most of the counties with the highest rates are in the middle of the state, just north of Grand Rapids. Most of the counties in the Upper Peninsula have rates in the middle two categories, of 19.1 to 22.2% and 22.3 to 24.9%.

Map produced September 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

Disability Rates by Functional Limitation: Michigan

 This map explores the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data (Table S1810) on disability estimates by county.

For vision difficulty the ACS asks if a respondent is blind or has serious difficulty seeing, even when wearing glasses. If they answer “yes” they are classified as having a vision difficulty. This data is for all ages.


Map of MI showing rates of vision difficulty by county. Text description on page.

This map of the state of Michigan shows rates of people with vision difficulty for ages 5 and older by county. Rates are broken into four categories: 0.3 to 0.6%, 0.7 to 0.8%, 0.9 to 1.0%, and 1.1 to 1.9%.

The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Overall, there are higher rates in rural counties than urban ones. All of the counties with the highest rates, of 1.1 to 1.9%, are in rural counties. Most of these counties are in the northern-half of the state and the Upper Peninsula. Grand Rapids, Lansing, Detroit, and Ann Arbor are located in counties with the lowest rate of 0.3 to 0.6%. Flint is located in a county with the second-lowest rate of 0.7 to 0.8%.

Map produced November 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

This map explores the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data (Table S1810) on disability estimates by county.

For hearing difficulty the ACS asks if a respondent is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing. If they answer “yes” they are classified as having a hearing difficulty. This data is for all ages.


Map of MI showing rates of hearing impairment by county. Text description on page.

This map of the state of Michigan shows rates of people with hearing difficulty for ages 5 and older by county. Rates are broken into four categories: 0.5 to 1.4%, 1.5 to 1.6%, 1.7 to 1.9%, and 2.0 to 2.9%.

The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Overall, there are higher rates of hearing difficulty in rural counties than in urban ones. Most of these counties are in the northern-half of the state and the Upper Peninsula. Grand Rapids, Lansing, and Ann Arbor are located in counties with the lowest rate of 0.5 to 1.4%. Detroit is located in a county with the second-lowest rate of 1.5 to 1.6%, and Flint is in a county with the second highest rate of 1.7 to 1.9%.

Map produced November 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

This map explores the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data (Table S1810) on disability estimates by county.

For cognitive difficulty the ACS asks because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem, does the respondent have difficulty remembering, concentrating, or making decisions. If they answer “yes” they are classified as having a cognitive difficulty. This data is for ages 5 and up.


Map of MI showing rates of cognitive difficulty. Text description on page.

This map of the state of Michigan shows rates of people with cognitive difficulty by county. Rates are broken into four categories: 1.2 to 2.1%, 2.2 to 2.4%, 2.5 to 3.0%, and 3.1 to 5.5%.

The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Overall, there are higher rates of cognitive difficulty in rural counties than in urban ones. Most of these counties are in the northern-half of the state and the Upper Peninsula, though there are some counties with higher rates (2.5 to 3.0%, the second-highest category) along the southern border of the state. Grand Rapids, Detroit, and Ann Arbor are located in counties with the lowest rate of 1.2 to 2.1%. Flint and Lansing are located in counties with the second-lowest rate of 2.2 to 2.4%.

Map produced November 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

This map explores the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data (Table S1810) on disability estimates by county.

For ambulatory (i.e. mobility) difficulty the ACS asks if a respondent has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs. If they answer “yes” they are classified as having a mobility difficulty. This data is for ages 5 and up.


 Map of MI showing rates of mobility difficulty. Text description on page.This map of the state of Michigan shows rates of people with mobility difficulty for all ages by county. Rates are broken into four categories from 2.3 to 9.1%.

Overall, there are higher rates of mobility difficulty in rural counties than in urban ones. The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates of people with mobility difficulty in urban compared to rural areas. Overall, there are higher rates in rural counties than urban ones. All of the counties with the highest rate, of 6.6 to 9.1%, are in rural counties. Most of these counties are in the northern-half of the state and the Upper Peninsula. All of the five major cities are located in counties with the lowest rate of 2.3 to 4.0%.

Map produced September 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

This map explores the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data (Table S1810) on disability estimates by county.

For self-care difficulty the ACS asks if a respondent has difficulty bathing or dressing. If they answer “yes” they are classified as having a self-care difficulty. This data is for ages 5 and up.


Map of MI showing rates of self-care difficulty. Text description on page.

This map of the state of Michigan shows rates of people with self care difficulty by county. Rates are broken into four categories: 3.3 to 5.5%, 5.6 to 6.2%, 6.3 to 6.9%, and 7.0 to 10.5%. 

The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Overall, there are higher rates of cognitive difficulty in rural counties than in urban ones, though rates are somewhat varied across the state. Most of the counties with the highest rates, of 7.0 to 10.5%, are in the northern-half of the state and eastern half of the Upper Peninsula.

Grand Rapids, Detroit, and Ann Arbor are located in counties with the lowest rate of 3.3 to 5.5%. Lansing is located in a county with a rate of 5.6 to 6.2%, the second-lowest rate. Flint is in a county with 6.3 to 6.9%, the second-highest rate.

Map produced November 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

This map explores the American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data (Table S1810) on disability estimates by county.

For independent living difficulty the ACS asks because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem, does the respondent have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping. If they answer “yes” they are classified as having an independent living difficulty. This data is for ages 18 and up.


Map of MI showing rates of IL difficulty. Text description on page.

This map of the state of Michigan shows rates of independent living (IL) difficulty for people 18 years of age and older by county. Rates are broken into four categories from 4.3 to 14.2%.

Overall, there are higher rates of independent living difficulty in rural counties than in urban ones. The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates of people with independent living difficulty in urban compared to rural areas. Overall, there are higher rates in rural counties than urban ones. Most of these counties are in the northern-half of the state and the Upper Peninsula. Of the five cities, Flint is located in a county with a disability rate of 8.6 to 9.7%, the second-highest category. The others are all in counties with the lowest rates, of 4.3 to 6.9%.

Map produced September 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

Employment: Michigan

This map explores American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data (Table C18120) employment estimates by disability type. 

The ACS asks a set of disability indicator questions to determine disability. If a respondent can answer “yes” to any disability question they are classified as having a disability. The data below are for ages 18-64.


Map of MI showing rates of people with disability employed. Text description on page.

This map of Michigan shows employment rates among people with disabilities. The data includes people ages 18 to 64. Rates are broken into four categories ranging from 17.8 to 46.2%.

Overall, there are higher employment rates for people with disabilities in urban counties than rural ones. However, this is somewhat variable across the state. The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Rates in the counties containing Grand Rapids, Lansing, Detroit, and Ann Arbor are in the highest category, of 37.2 to 46.2%. Rates around Flint, however, are in the lowest category, of 17.8 to 24.9%. Overall employment rates tend to be higher in the southern half of the state, though there are a few counties with high rates in the Upper Peninsula along the coast of Lake Superior and along the coast of Lake Michigan.

 Map produced September 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

This map explores American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data (Table C18120) employment estimates by disability type. 

The ACS asks a set of disability indicator questions to determine disability. If a respondent can answer “yes” to any disability question they are classified as having a disability. The data below are for ages 18-64.


Map of MI showing rates of unemployment for people with disabilities. Text description on page.

This map of Michigan shows unemployment rates among people with disabilities. The data includes people ages 18 to 64. Rates are broken into four categories: 0.0 to 4.0%, 4.1 to 5.2%, 5.3 to 6.7%, and 6.8 to 9.9%.

The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Rates are varied across the state, though in the Upper Peninsula there are higher rates (of 6.8 to 9.9%) in the eastern three-quarters of the peninsula, and the lowest rates (0.0 to 4.0%) in the western-most counties. Rates are variable across the rest of the state. 

Rates in the counties containing Grand Rapids, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor are in the second-highest category, of 5.3 to 6.7%. Lansing is in a county with the highest unemployment rates, of 6.8 to 9.9%.

 Map produced November 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.

 This map explores American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data (Table C18120) employment estimates by disability type. 

The ACS asks a set of disability indicator questions to determine disability. If a respondent can answer “yes” to any disability question they are classified as having a disability. The data below are for ages 18-64.


Map of MI showing rates of people with disability out of labor force. Text description on page.

This map of Michigan shows out of labor force rates among people with disabilities. The data includes people ages 18 to 64. Rates are broken into four categories: 48.6 to 58.0%, 58.1 to 63.5%, 63.6 to 69.2%, and 69.3 to 80.8%.

The five largest urban areas (Grand Rapids, Lansing, Flint, Detroit, and Ann Arbor) are labeled on the map to show if there are any differences between rates in urban compared to rural areas. Rates are varied across the state, though there is a cluster of counties with the highest rates (of 69.3 to 80.8%) in the rural counties in the northern part of the state. There is another cluster of counties with this highest rate in the western part of the Upper Peninsula. Rates are variable across the rest of the state.

Rates in the counties containing Grand Rapids, Lansing, Detroit, and Ann Arbor are in the lowest category, of 48.6 to 58.0%. Flint is in a county with the second-highest unemployment rates, of 63.6 to 69.2%.

Map produced November 2019 based on 2013-2017 American Community Survey data.

 


  • Click on the map for a larger, downloadable version. 
  • To browse or download the data used to make this map, use our Disability Data Lookup Tool.