Climate Stations

Climate Stations of Montana

The Montana Climate Office maintains a collection of climate station data for Montana. Daily data from approximately four-thousand climate stations has been compiled and is automatically updated approximately every three (3) days.

Our goal is to provide the most appropriate and current climate station record for each location. Please contact the Montana Climate Office if you have any questions regarding the status of this dataset or data for a particular station.

Climate Stations Explorer is currently under construction. Thank you for your patience. 

Example of a Mesonet climate station

Assistance on using the map of climate stations

After launching the Go to the interactive map of climate stations you can search for a location. In the following example we are searching for "Big Timber, Montana".

Climate map search for location

If the search is successful the map will zoom to the location requested.

Climate Map search result

Red station icons indicate stations that participate in the U.S. Historical Climatology Network (USHCN) and tend to have higher quality data and a longer history.  All other stations have gold icons.

Climate map station icons

Clicking on a station will launch a popup with basic information. Clicking on the "More info" link will launch a web page with additional detail about the station.

Climate map station identify

The Montana Climate Office provides two ways to access station data:

With the online map, it is best to first review the summary information on the web page that describes the variables measured, the length and period of measurement, the number of observations and the completeness.  Pay particular attention to the NOAA standard units for each variable.  For example, tempertaure is recorded as tenths of degrees Centigrade, so a value in the table of -102 is -10.2C.

Climate map metadata

After detrimining that this is station data of interest you can download the data via the link at the top of the page.  Data is distributed in comma-delimited-value (CSV) text format that will open in a spreadsheet program like Excel.  Filtering and sort will help you work with the dataset.

Climate map download

A link to additional resources is available at the bottom of the page.  This link will take you to a site maintained by NOAA that allows for quick summaries of station data.

Climate map additional resources