What is Public History?

Public history allows professional historians to use their skills in the public interest. Public history offers a wide range of career opportunities. Public history careers include—but are not limited to—historical interpretation (working at museums, historical societies, and historic sites); cultural resource management (maintaining the integrity of historic artifacts in construction zones); historic preservation (of buildings, sites, and artifacts); public policy and public planning (on behalf of federal, state, local, and tribal governments); digital humanities (using technology to make historical documents and data widely accessible); and historical consulting (for public agencies, private companies, and individual clients). Other public historians work as authors, editors, and journalists; filmmakers, documentarians, and podcasters; and librarians, curators, and archivists.

students explore archival materials

Here in Missoula, examples of public history in action include the Historical Museum at Fort Missoula (HMFM), which offers careers in historical interpretation, including designing exhibits and providing tours. Historical Research Associates, Inc. (HRA) employs historians who conduct research on behalf of clients, such as the Department of Justice or the Environmental Protection Agency, to determine who has been responsible for mismanagement of tribal lands, or who bears responsibility for environmental destruction. HRA also has specialists in cultural resource management, who ensure that new buildings and roads do not destroy historical and cultural artifacts. Western Cultural offers these services, too; in addition, Western Cultural assists clients in applying for designations as historic sites or districts.

Public historians often partner with public and private agencies. Local examples include the Map Missoula Initiative, which overlays historic documents, archival photos, and oral histories onto the present-day landscape (Missoula County Treasurer’s Office); Unseen Missoula, which offers historical tours of downtown (Missoula Downtown Association); and Documenting COVID-19 in Missoula County, a collaborative “rapid-response” community archive project (UM; HMFM; Missoula County). These projects highlight how public historians promote town-gown cooperation.


Beyond Missoula, many public historians work for federal, state, local, and tribal government bodies. The National Park Service employs historians at historic parks throughout the nation, and the State Department hires many history graduates. In addition, state and federal agencies employ historians to assist in designing public policies and engaging in public planning. Tribal governments, nonprofit organizations, and private “think tanks” also hire historians to contribute to “white papers,” which are research reports that provide essential information to guide public policy. All of these entities, as well as private businesses and individual clients, also employ historians to apply for designation as historic sites, to design interpretive exhibits and markers, and to conduct historical research and writing.


Although our Public History Certificate is new, UM’s History Department has been active in public history for a long time! Our alumni have long been leaders in public history. Both HRA and Western Cultural were founded by UM history grads. Several UM history graduates work at these organizations. Other UM history alumni work for public agencies (such as the state historical preservation office), local historical societies (such as the Montana Historical Society), and think tanks (such as the Poverty Action Lab).

UM faculty also have engaged in public history in a variety of ways.

These are just a few examples of the many ways that our faculty are #MakingHistoryPublic.

For more information about UM’s public history program, view our press release, read the story in the Missoulian, or contact the Director of Public History, Professor Leif Fredrickson, at leif.fredrickson@mso.umt.edu.