Occupational Health & Safety Program

OH&S Flow Chart

Date Adopted: September 7, 2005

Last Review Date: June 1, 2018


I.  Policy

The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals requires that "an occupational health program must be part of the overall animal care and use program." The goal of the occupational health and safety (OH&S) program is to prevent occupational injury and illness by avoiding, controlling or eliminating hazards in the workplace as well as to provide for early diagnosis and treatment when necessary. 

To assure compliance with this requirement, it is the policy of the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee to provide procedural recommendations to the Institutional Official for a comprehensive, risk-based OH&S program to be offered to all students, employees, and visitors who work with or near laboratory or wild animals in the course of their association with the University of Montana.

II.  Procedures

A.   Responsibility

1.  The institution is responsible for providing an occupational health and safety
     program (OH&S) for the animal care and use program.
2.  The OH&S program is administered by the Office of the Vice-President for
3.  The Vice-President for Research serves as the Institutional Official for the animal
     care and use program.
4.  The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) makes
     recommendations to the IO concerning the procedures involved in the OH&S

B.   Participation

1.  All students, employees, and visitors who work with or near laboratory or wild
     animals in the course of their association with the University of Montana are
     offered the opportunity to participate.
2.  The extent and level of participation of personnel in the OH&S program is 
     based on risk assessment by a qualified OH&S physician.
3.  All new classified Laboratory Animal Resources (LAR) personnel are required to
     have pre-employment medical surveillance evaluation.
4.  Participant capture and training
a.  Visitors
1) Right-to-know hazard information posted in the animal facility
2) LAR main entrances
a)  OH&S informational letters
b)  Risk assessment forms/postage-paid envelopes
c)  Sign-in sheet verifying availability of information
d)  Declination to participate in OH&S program

b.  Employees and animal users
1)  All information available to visitors as listed above and additional
     items listed below
2)  Annual training by IACUC and LAR - includes reminders of updating
     risk assessment with changes in medical conditions or animal exposure
a)  LAR facility users and principal investigators (PI)
b)  Wildlife researchers
c)  Maintenance personnel
d)  Security personnel
3)  Identification through experimental hazards assessment
a)  Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC)
b)  Radiation Safety Committee (RSC)
c)  Animal Use Protocol (AUP) evaluated by IACUC
c.  Annual policy reminder to department chairs and PIs with active AUPs
1)  IACUC Coordinator distributes OH&S policy and instructions for risk
2)  Encourages PI identification of visiting scientists, new students,
     research personnel

C.   Risk Assessment

1.  AUPs - assess experimental hazards
a.  Approval number required, when applicable, from
1)  Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC)
2)  Radiation Safety Committee (RSC)
b.  Descriptions of safety procedures, personal protective equipment, and
     knowledge of zoonotic risks required in AUP
2.  Work Environment (non-experimental hazards) - LAR facilities evaluated annually
     by on-site visits by
a.  Occupational Health Physician
b.  Environmental Health & Risk Management (EH&RM) Office
3.  Personnel - medical history and animal exposure intensity evaluated by OH&S
a.  Risk assessment questionnaire initially and when any changes in medical
     conditions or animal exposure intensity occur
b.  Medical surveillance questionnaire annually for personnel assessed as
     high risk by the OH&S physician
4.  Risk assessment or medical surveillance required for Griz (proximity) card access
     to LAR facilities and before beginning wildlife field work

D.   OH&S Provider

1.  Contracted by the University of Montana
2.  Primary responsibilities (see flow chart, page 1)
a.  Reviews individual medical questionnaires
1)  Risk assessment
2)  Medical surveillance
b.  Provides physical examinations, consultations, and post-exposure
     counseling on a case-by-case basis
c.  Conducts an annual hazard assessment of LAR facilities
d.  Assesses hazards of novel projects at the request of the IACUC
e.  Provides feedback to IACUC of identified trends in occupation-related
     diseases of participants and recommends preventive intervention
3.  Communication (see flow chart)
a.  Informs IACUC Coordinator and participant electronically
1) Risk assessment - no medical surveillance necessary
2) Risk assessment - medical surveillance warranted, individual 
     cleared for animal work without restrictions
b.  Informs IACUC Coordinator and participant by letter
1)  Medical surveillance - further evaluation by OH&S physician - cleared
     with restrictions
2)  Medical surveillance - further evaluation by OH&S physician - serious
     health problem or direct threat to himself/herself or others
4.  Recordkeeping by OH&S Physician Office
a.  Maintains confidential medical information according to the Health
     Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
b.  Personal medical information is not shared with the University of Montana

E.   IACUC Coordinator

1.  Communication (see flow chart)
a.  Sends annual reminders to current medical surveillance participants
b.  Sends annual policy reminders, participation opportunity, and risk
     assessment forms to
1)  All PIs with current AUPs
c.  Provides information for participants needing respirators
1)  Contact information for EH&RM
2)  Required paperwork completed for
a)  Medical surveillance
b)  Respirator questionnaire
c)  Verification of OH&S physician clearance for fit-test
2.  Recordkeeping -- maintain:
a.  List of PIs and animal users from AUPs who require OH&S training and risk
b.  Records of individuals attending OH&S training sessions
c.  Records of IACUC notifications from OH&S physician of cleared personnel
d.  Records of reminders distributed and dates sent