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Time and Effort Reporting


Power PointA helpful powerpoint presentation that explains UM's T&E reporting

The University of Montana’s time and effort reporting system is maintained to meet the requirements of OMB Circular No. A-21. The time and effort report is generated from Banner HR and serves two purposes:

  1. Certify that time paid to an individual from a grant was actual time spent working on that particular grant (Time and Effort Certification, left side of the report), and/or

  2. Certify that time shown as cost sharing was actual time spent working on that particular grant but charged to another Banner Index Number (Cost Match Certification, right side of report). Funds from a federal grant cannot be used as cost match to another federal grant. State and private funding can be used as cost match on all funding sources.

People are selected for the report in two ways:

  1. They are paid directly from a grant.

  2. They have been added to FRAGRNT in Banner with a TE indicator because there is a cost match commitment of part of their time on at least one sponsored project. Each ORSP post-award specialist maintains a log of cost match commitments for all of their assigned grants that includes source, description, and amount. When the time and effort cost match commitment on a grant has been met, the ORSPS post-award specialist notifies the TE Budget Analyst so the TE indicator can be removed in FRAGRNT.

Reports must be certified by individual departments promptly and accurately on a monthly basis. It is a federal requirement that the person signing the reports must have first-hand knowledge of the work performed. This can be direct knowledge (i.e., the employee or their supervisor certifies the time) or indirect knowledge (i.e., a department administrator can certify based on written assurance from someone with firsthand knowledge of the time worked). Each person initialing the report must also sign on the last page. The use of rubber stamps or signing another person’s name followed by initials is not allowed.

Sending Out Time and Effort Reports

After receiving from HRS, Time and Effort (T&E) reports are distributed to the departments/units by the TE Budget Analyst.  A memo explaining time and effort reporting procedures and requirements accompanies the departmental reports. This memo clearly indicates that the T&E reports are due back within one month of distribution, giving the specific due date. The TE Budget Analyst electronically maintains the T&E Checklist, recording the date the reports were mailed out to each department/unit and the due date for return of the completed reports.

If for any reason it appears there may be an unusual delay in getting the reports sent, the TE Budget Analyst contacts the director of Sponsored Programs to determine an appropriate course of action, such as rearranging duties to ensure the reports are distributed in a timely manner. If the reports are unexpectedly delayed, the departments/units are notified by the TE Budget Analyst as to when distribution of the reports is anticipated and the expected due dates for their return. This notification allows department personnel ample time to make alternative arrangements to ensure timely submission of the completed reports.

Receiving Completed Time and Effort Reports

When the T&E reports are received back from departments/units, the TE Budget Analyst logs them in on the T&E Checklist and carefully checks to make sure that (1) every salary line has either been initialed or marked to indicate that it is not correct and a payroll cost transfer is forthcoming, and (2) everyone who initialed the individual salary lines also signed the certification at the end of a report. Completed reports are recorded and then distributed to the appropriate post-award specialists for review and data entry of any cost-sharing information. The post-award specialists initial the report and return it to the TE Budget Analyst.

If the reports have not been completed properly, the TE Budget Analyst contacts the department.  If an accidental omission, the TE Budget analyst documents this on the report and forwards to the appropriate post-award specialist.  If additional action is required, issues are noted and dated on the T&E Checklist and the report is held until corrected. 

Dealing with Payroll Redistributions

When ORSP receives a request for payroll redistribution, post-award specialists verify that the department noted the need for a change on the time and effort report for that period. If the time and effort report has not been completed and returned to ORSP, the post-award specialist may process the payroll redistribution (assuming appropriate approvals) but must make a note to verify once the T&E report is received by ORSP that it includes notation of the need for a payroll redistribution.

If the T&E report was already returned to ORSP, the post-award specialist verifies that the T&E report included a notation of the need for payroll redistribution. If that annotation is present on the report, the budget analyst processes the payroll redistribution according to standard procedures. If that notation is NOT present on the report or the T&E was certified as correct, the post-award specialist contacts the department/unit requesting additional documentation from the department/unit to explain why the T&E was certified as correct when it was not. Upon receipt of the additional requested documentation, it is filed with the relevant T&E reports.

Dealing with Past-Due Time and Effort Reports First Notice – Two Weeks Past Due

If the completed T&E reports are not returned within two weeks of the due date indicated in the distribution memo, the TE Budget Analyst sends a First Notice to the individual to whom the original report was sent.  This memo notifies the department/unit that the reports are past due, explains the seriousness of not completing the reports in a timely manner, and requires that the completed reports be submitted within two weeks. Copies of all correspondence and any other communications concerning this matter (i.e., memos or notes from telephone conversations) are retained. If the completed time and effort reports are returned by the noted due date, the TE Budget Analyst proceeds with the steps outlined under “Receiving Completed Time and Effort Reports” above.

Second Notice – Four Weeks Past Due

If the reports are not recieved within two weeks after the First Notice is sent, the TE Budget Analyst follows-up via phone or email and again indicates the need to complete the report, and explains the seriousness of failure to comply.  The TE Budget Analyst records back on the T&E Checklist the date the memo is sent and the date the completed reports are due. Copies of all correspondence and any other communications concerning this matter (i.e., memos or notes from telephone conversations) are retained.  If the completed T&E reports are returned by the noted due date, the TE Budget Analyst proceeds with the steps outlined under “Receiving Completed Time and Effort Reports” above.

Final Notice – Six Weeks Past Due

If two additional weeks pass and the reports are still not received, the TE Budget Analyst notifies the ORSP Director who sends a Final Notice memo to the PI, with copies to the department/unit support staff person (if applicable), department chair/unit head, dean or executive officer, appropriate ORSP post-award specialist, and Director of Internal Audit. This memo again indicates the need to complete the report, explains the seriousness of failure to comply, and states that if the delinquent reports are not received within two weeks ORSP staff may cost transfer uncertified personnel costs to the department/unit’s default account. Copies of all correspondence and any other communications concerning this matter (i.e., memos or notes from telephone conversations) are retained.  If the completed forms are submitted, the TE Budget Analyst proceeds with the steps outlined under “Receiving Completed Time and Effort Reports.”

Shut Down Notice – Eight Weeks Past Due

T&E reports that are eight weeks delinquent are handled on an individual basis and consequences may include shut down. 

Reinstating Shut-Down Accounts

If accounts are shut down due to non-compliance with T&E reports, the TE Budget Analyst and ORSP Director meet with the Director of Internal Audit to determine what corrective measures must be taken before the accounts are reinstated. If the certified T&E reports are subsequently received, the ORSP Director sends a memo to the PI indicating what actions must be taken to reinstate their accounts and what will be the final dispensation of the transferred salaries and benefits. Copies are sent to the department/unit support staff person (if applicable), department chair/unit head, dean or executive officer, appropriate post-award specialist, TE Budget Analyst, and Director of Internal Audit.

Dealing with Chronic Offenders

As the TE Budget Analyst reviews files of current and past overdue T&E reports, if any department/unit has had more than one past-due notice in the previous six month period, the TE Budget Analyst forwards this information, along with copies of all correspondence concerning the past-due reports, to the ORSP Director for review. If there is a pattern of non-compliance (rather than isolated incidents), the ORSP Director will consult with the Director of Internal Audit to determine appropriate action.

Retention of Completed Time and Effort Reports

T&E reports are retained per University retention guidelines.