Nancy W. Hinman

Professor Emeritus


(406) 243-5277


Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego - Ph.D. Oceanography (Marine Chemistry) 1987

Reed College, BA Chemistry 1981

Courses Taught

Previously Taught Courses:  Oceanography (GEO 105), Hydrochemisry (GEO 320), Geochemistry (GEO 327), Aqueous Geochemistry (GEO 570), Chemistry of Hot Springs (GEO 579)

Field of Study


Aqueous Geochemistry

Water-rock interaction



Hofmann, M.H., Hinman, N.W., Phillips, M., McInenly, M., Chong‐Diaz, G., Warren‐Rhodes, K. and Cabrol, N.A., Gypsum‐lined degassing holes in tumuli. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. DOI: 10.1002/esp.5692 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/share/author/YERJ97YBA6BCFKWBPFYQ?target=10.1002/esp.5692

Hofmann, M.H., MacKenzie, L.A. and Hinman, N.W., 2023. The importance of inherited shelf bathymetry, pycnoclines, and wave-enhanced sediment dispersal perturbations as part of the taphonomic process. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, p.105831. https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1hgtS4t1lMDmyi

Warren-Rhodes, K., Cabrol, N.A., Phillips, M., Tebes-Cayo, C., Kalaitzis, F., Ayma, D., Demergasso, C., Chong-Diaz, G., Lee, K., Hinman, N. and Rhodes, K.L., 2023. Orbit-to-ground framework to decode and predict biosignature patterns in terrestrial analogues. Nature Astronomy, 7(4), pp.406-422.

Phillips, M.S., McInenly, M., Hofmann, M.H., Hinman, N.W., Warren-Rhodes, K., Rivera-Valentín, E.G. and Cabrol, N.A., 2023. Salt Constructs in Paleo-Lake Basins as High-Priority Astrobiology Targets. Remote Sensing, 15(2), p.314.

Schmitt-Kopplin, P., Matzka, M., Ruf, A., Menez, B., Chennaoui Aoudjehane, H., Harir, M., Lucio, M., Hertzog, J., Hertkorn, N., Gougeon, R.D. and Hoffmann, V., 2023. Complex carbonaceous matter in Tissint martian meteorites give insights into the diversity of organic geochemistry on Mars. Science Advances, 9(2), p.eadd6439.

Phillips, M.S., Moersch, J.E., Cabrol, N.A., Candela, A., Wettergreen, D., Warren-Rhodes, K., Hinman, N.W., and the SETI NAI Team. 2022. Planetary mapping using Deep Learning: A method to evaluate feature identification confidence applied to habitats in Mars-analog terrain." Astrobiology, 23 (1).  

Hinman, N., Mave, M.A., Powers, L.C., Schmitt-Kopplin, P., Cabrol, N.A. and Gonsior, M., 2022. Controls on reactive oxygen species cycles in Yellowstone hot springs: implications for biosignature preservation on Mars. Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences.

Cabestrero, O., Tebes-Cayo, C., Demergasso, C., and Hinman, N.W. 2022 Mineral Paragenesis Precipitating in Salt Flat Pools of Continental Environments Replicated in Microbial Mat Microcosms without Evaporation. (In: Biomineralization and Biominerals: Lessons from Mineral-Producing Organisms) Minerals, 12(5). 10.3390/min12050646. 

Hinman, N.W., Hofmann, M.H., Warren-Rhodes, K., Phillips, M.S., Noffke, N., Cabrol, N.A., Chong Diaz, G., Demergasso, C., Tebes-Cayo, C., Cabestro, O. and Bishop, J.L., 2022. Surface Morphologies in a Mars-Analog Ca-Sulfate Salar, High Andes, Northern Chile. Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences, 8. 

Hinman, N.W., Bishop, J.L., Gulick, V.C., Kotler-Dettmann, J.K., Morkner, P., Berlanga, G., Henneberger, PR.M., Bergquist, P., Richardson, C.D., Walter, M.R., MacKenzie, L.A. 2021 Targeting Mixtures of Jarosite and Clay Minerals for Mars Exploration, American Mineralogist, https://doi.org/10.2138/am-2020-7415.  

Bishop, J. L., M. Yeşilbaş, N. W. Hinman, Z. F. M. Burton, P. A. J. Englert, J. D. Toner, A. S. McEwen, V. C. Gulick, E. K. Gibson, and C. Koeberl. "Martian subsurface cryosalt expansion and collapse as trigger for landslides." Science Advances 7, no. 6 2021: eabe4459. 

Chan MA, Hinman NW, Potter-McIntyre SL, Schubert KE, Gillams RJ, Awramik SM, Boston PJ, Bower DM, Des Marais DJ, Farmer JD, Jia TZ. Deciphering Biosignatures in Planetary Contexts. Astrobiology. 2019 Jul 22. 

Sánchez-García, L., Fernández, M.A., García-Villadangos, M., López-Blanco, Y., Cady, S.L., Hinman, N., Bowden, M., Pointing, S.B., Lee, K.C., Warren-Rhodes, K., Lacap-Bugler, D., Cabrol, N.A., Parro, V., Carrizo, D. 2019 Microbial biomarker transition in high altitude sinter mounds from El Tatio (Chile) through different stages of hydrothermal activity. F. Microbiology. doi.10.3389/fmicb.2018.03350. 

Singer, A., Stanley, G. D., & Hinman, N. W. 2019. Anatomy of the Book Canyon conglomerate: a sequence boundary at the top of the Bear Gulch Limestone in the Big Snowy Trough. Facies, 652), 15. 

Gonsior, M., Hertkorn, N., Hinman, N., Dvorski, S. E. M., Harir, M., Cooper, W. J., & Schmitt-Kopplin, P. 2018. Yellowstone Hot Springs are Organic Chemodiversity Hot Spots. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 14155.

Westall, F., Hickman-Lewis, K., Hinman, N., Gautret, P., Campbell, K. A., Breheret, J. G., . . . Brack, A. 2018. A Hydrothermal-Sedimentary Context for the Origin of Life. Astrobiology, 18(3), 259-293. doi:10.1089/ast.2017.1680. 

Ruf, A., Kanawati, B., Hertkorn, N., Yin, Q-X.,  Moritz, F.,  Harir, M., Lucio, M., Michalke, B., Wimpenny, J., Shilobreeva, S., Bronsky, B., Saraykin, S., Gabelica, Z., Gougeon, R.D., Quirico, E., Ralew, S., Jakubowski, T., Haack, H., Gonsior, M., Jenniskens, P., Hinman, N.W., and  Schmitt-Kopplin, P. 2017. Previously unknown class of metalorganic compounds revealed in meteorites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(11), 2819-2824. doi:10.1073/pnas.1616019114.

McTee, M. R., Lekberg, Y., Bullington, L., Rummel, A., Mummey, D. L., Ramsey, P. W., & Hinman, N. W. 2017. Restoring ecological properties of acidic soils contaminated with elemental sulfur. Science of the Total Environment, 587, 449-456.  

Muscente, A. D., Schiffbauer, J. D., Broce, J., Laflamme, M., O'Donnell, K., Boag, T. H., . . . Hinman, N.W., Hofmann, M.H., Xiao, S. 2017. Exceptionally preserved fossil assemblages through geologic time and space. Gondwana Research, 48, 164-188. doi:10.1016/j.gr.2017.04.020. 

McTee, M. R., Mummey, D. L., Ramsey, P. W., & Hinman, N. W. 2016. Extreme soil acidity from biodegradable trap and skeet targets increases severity of pollution at shooting ranges. Science of the Total Environment, 539, 546-550. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.121). 

Blank, C. E., & Hinman, N. W. 2016. Cyanobacterial and algal growth on chitin as a source of nitrogen; ecological, evolutionary, and biotechnological implications. Algal Research-Biomass Biofuels and Bioproducts, 15, 152-163. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2016.02.2014.

Blank, C. E., & Hinman, N. W. 2016. Cyanobacterial and algal growth on chitin as a source of nitrogen; ecological, evolutionary, and biotechnological implications. Algal Research, 15, 152-163.  

Blank, C. E., Parks, R. W., & Hinman, N. W. 2016. Chitin: a potential new alternative nitrogen source for the tertiary, algal-based treatment of pulp and paper mill wastewater. Journal of Applied Phycology, 28(5), 2753-2766. doi:10.1007/s10811-016-0808-5.

Hofmann, M. H., Li, X.H., Chen, J., MacKenzie, L.A., Hinman, N.W. 2015. Provenance and temporal constraints of the Early Cambrian Maotianshan Shale, Yunnan Province, China. Gondwana Research. (doi:10.1016/j.gr.2015.08.015).

MacKenzie, L.A., Hofmann, M.H., Chen, J., Hinman, N.W. 2015. Stratigraphic controls of soft-bodied fossil occurrences in the Cambrian Chengjiang Biota Lagerstatte, Maotianshan Shale, Yunnan Province, China. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 420: 96-115. 

Richardson, C.D., Hinman, N.W. and Scott, J.R., 2013 Evidence for biological activity in mineralization of secondary sulphate deposits in a basaltic environment: implications for the search for life in the Martian subsurface. International Journal of Astrobiology, 12, 357.

Hinman, N.W. Water-Rock Interactions and Life: Keynote Address (2013) 14th International Conference on Water-Rock Interaction, Avignon, France, 2013. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 7, 354-359.

Hinman, N.W. and Kotler, J.M., (2013) Aluminum in silica phases formed in hot springs. (2013) 14th International Conference on Water-Rock Interaction, Avignon, France, 2013. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 7, 365-368.

Kemayou Tchamako, E., Tsinkou Fotsing, R.V., Tchouankoue, J.P., Ndam Ngoupayou, J.R., Ngounou Ngatcha, B., Hinman, N.W. (2013) Influences of Lithology on Water Quality: A Study of the Ngam and Mou Watersheds in West Cameroon (Central Africa). 14th International Conference on Water-Rock Interaction, Avignon, France, 2013. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 7, 405-408.

Richardson, C.D., Hinman, N.W., McHenry, L.J., Kotler, J.M., Knipe, D.L., and Scott, J.R., (2012) Secondary Sulfate Mineralization and Basaltic Chemistry of Craters of the Moon National Monument, Idaho:  Potential Martian Analog. Planetary & Space Sci. 2012, 65, 93–103.

Hinman, N.W. and Esser, J.D. (2010) Chemical Factors Driving Streambed “Armor” in Iron Spring Creek, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, USA. 13th International Conference on Water-Rock Interaction, Guanajuato, Mexico, August 2010.

Kotler, J.M., Hinman, N.W., Richardson, C.D., Scott, J.R. (2010) Thermal decomposition behavior of potassium and sodium jarosite synthesized in the presence of methylamine and alanine. Journal of Thermal and Analytical Calorimetry, 102, 23–29. DOI 10.1007/s10973-0338-3.

Richardson, C.D., Hinman, N.W., Scott, J.R. (2009) Effect of thenardite on the direct detection of aromatic amino acids: implications for the search for life in the solar system. International Journal of Astrobiology, 8(4), 291-300, DOI 10.1017/s1473550409990231.

Kotler, J.M., Hinman, N.W., Richardson, C.D., Conly, A. G., Scott, J.R. (2009) Laboratory simulations of prebiotic molecule stability in the jarosite mineral group; end member evaluation of detection and decomposition behavior related to Mars sample return. Planetary and Space Science, 57, 1381-1388.

Hinman, N.W., Kotler, J.M., Yan, B., Tenesch, A., Morris, R.V., Tveter, A., Stoner, D.L., Scott, J.R. (2009) Controls on chemistry and diagenesis of naturally occurring iron-oxide phases. Applied Geochemistry, 24, (7), 1185-1197.

Richardson, C.D., Hinman, N.W., McJunkin, T.R. and Scott, J.R. (2008) Exploring biosignatures associated with thenardite by geomatric-assisted laser desorption/ionization Fourier transform mass spectrometry (GALDI-FTMS). Geomicrobiology J. 25, (7, 8), 432-440.

Scott, J.R., Kotler, J. M., Hinman, N.W., Yan, B., Stoner, D.L., and Richardson, C.D. (2008) Searching for biosignatures as signs of life using GALDI-FTMS. Journal of the Idaho Academy of Science, 43, 26–27.

Vitale, M., Gardner, P., and Hinman, N.W. (2008) Surface water - groundwater interaction and chemistry in a mineral-armored hydrothermal outflow channel, Yellowstone National Park, USA, Hydrogeology J. 16, (7), 1381-1393.

Kotler, J.M., Hinman, N.W., Scott, J.R., Yan, B. and Stoner, D.L. (2008) Glycine identification in natural jarosites using laser-desorption Fourier transform mass spectrometry: implications for the search for life on Mars. Astrobiology, 8, (2), 253-266.

Tenesch, A., Hinman, N.W., Stanley, G. D., Jr. & Hou, X. G. (2007) Geochemical and mineralogical insight into the environmental conditions for preservation of the Chengjiang biota  in 12th International Conference on Water-Rock Interaction (eds. Bullen, T. D. & Wang, Y.) (A.A. Balkema Publishers, Rotterdam).

Yan, B., D. L. Stoner, Kotler, J.M., Hinman, N.W., and Scott, J.R. (2007) Detection of biosignatures by geomatrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (GALDI) mass spectrometry,” Geomicrobiol. J. 24(3-4), 379-385.

Hinman, N.W. and Walter, M.R. (2005) Textural preservation in siliceous hot spring deposits during early diagenesis; examples from Yellowstone National Park and Nevada, U.S.A. J. Sed. Res. 75, 200-215.

Wilson, C.L., Hinman, N.W., and Sheridan, R. L. (2000) Hydrogen peroxide formation and decay in iron-rich geothermal waters: their relative roles of abiotic and biotic mechanisms. Photochem. Photobiol. 71, 691-699.

Wilson, C.L., Hinman, N.W., Cooper, W. and Brown, C.F. (2000) Photochemical formation of hydrogen peroxide in geothermal waters of Yellowstone National Park. Env. Sci. Technol., 34, 2655-2662.

Morris, R.V., Golden, D.C., Bell, J.F (III), Shelfer, T.D., Scheinost, A., Hinman, N.W., Furniss, G., Mertzman, S., Bishop, J.L., Ming, D.W., Allen C.C., and Britt, D.T. (2000) Mineralogy, composition, and genesis of Mars Pathfinder rocks and soils: evidence from multispectral, elemental, and magnetic data on terrestrial analogue, SNC meteorite, and Pathfinder samples. J. Geophys. Res. 105, 1757-1818.


American Association for the Advancement of Science

American Chemical Society

American Geophysical Union  

Geochemical Society

International Association of Geochemists and Cosmochemists, Council Member

Honors / Awards

Postdoctoral Fellow, Northwest Colleges and Universities (NORCUS), 1987-88

Faculty Fellow, NASA-Joint Venture (JOVE), 1991–1994

Invited Testimony, Senate Subcommittee for Evidence for Life on Mars, September, 1996.

Faculty Fellow, Department of Energy – Associated Western Universities, 1995–1998

Certificate of Recognition and elevated to Friend of Water-Rock Interaction, International Association of Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry, 2013